Archived - Fiscal Reference Tables
October 2009

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International Fiscal Comparisons

Table 53
G7 general government total tax and non-tax receipts
National Accounts basis
Year Canada United States Japan United Kingdom Germany   France Italy G7 average
(per cent of GDP)
1970 35.7 30.2 22.2 44.9 - 39.9 29.2 31.4
1971 36.3 29.7 23.1 42.9 - 39.3 29.8 31.1
1972 36.6 30.9 23.1 40.8 - 39.5 29.6 31.5
1973 36.6 31.0 24.0 39.4 - 39.5 29.0 31.5
1974 38.7 31.6 26.1 44.0 - 39.9 28.7 32.7
1975 37.6 29.8 25.8 44.3 - 41.2 29.0 31.8
1976 37.4 30.5 25.4 43.9 - 42.8 30.4 32.3
1977 37.3 30.8 26.6 42.6 - 42.9 31.7 32.7
1978 36.8 30.9 26.5 39.8 - 42.8 32.5 32.4
1979 36.6 31.2 28.4 39.6 - 44.4 32.0 33.0
1980 37.5 31.5 29.7 42.2 - 45.6 33.8 33.9
1981 39.6 32.3 31.0 44.4 - 46.2 33.8 34.9
1982 40.2 32.0 31.3 45.3 - 47.0 36.8 35.3
1983 39.7 31.3 31.5 44.4 - 47.8 38.8 35.1
1984 39.8 31.3 32.2 44.1 - 48.5 37.6 35.1
1985 39.5 31.8 32.3 43.4 - 48.7 37.4 35.2
1986 40.4 32.0 32.5 42.3 - 47.8 38.4 35.3
1987 40.6 32.7 33.9 41.1 - 48.3 38.3 35.9
1988 41.0 32.6 33.8 40.9 - 47.2 39.3 35.8
1989 41.2 32.9 33.7 40.7 - 46.9 40.1 36.0
1990 43.0 32.8 34.0 39.4 - 47.0 41.5 36.1
1991 43.9 32.9 33.4 39.8 43.3 47.6 42.6 37.0
1992 44.2 32.8 33.3 38.7 44.8 47.4 45.0 37.2
1993 43.5 33.0 32.0 37.3 45.3 48.5 46.3 37.1
1994 43.0 33.4 31.4 37.8 45.6 48.7 44.4 37.1
1995 43.2 33.8 31.4 38.2 45.1 48.9 45.1 37.3
1996 43.8 34.3 31.7 38.0 46.0 50.4 45.5 37.8
1997 44.5 34.6 31.7 38.4 45.7 50.8 47.6 38.1
1998 44.9 35.1 31.3 39.4 45.9 50.0 46.2 38.2
1999 44.3 35.2 31.2 39.8 46.7 50.8 46.5 38.4
2000 44.1 35.8 31.4 40.3 46.4 50.1 45.3 38.6
2001 42.6 34.9 32.2 40.6 44.7 50.0 44.9 38.1
2002 41.1 32.5 30.8 39.0 44.4 49.4 44.4 36.4
2003 41.1 31.9 30.5 38.7 44.4 49.1 44.8 36.1
2004 40.7 32.1 30.9 39.5 43.5 49.6 44.2 36.1
2005 40.8 33.4 31.7 40.8 43.6 50.5 43.8 37.0
2006 41.0 34.2 34.5 41.6 43.8 50.3 45.3 38.0
2007 40.7 34.5 33.5 41.4 43.9 49.6 46.4 38.0
2008 39.8 33.1 34.4 42.6 43.9 49.3 46.0 37.4
Source: OECD Economic Outlook, No. 85 (June 2009).
Table 54
G7 general government total outlays
National Accounts basis
Year Canada United States Japan United Kingdom Germany   France Italy G7 average
(per cent of GDP)
1970 36.0 32.3 20.5 41.8 - 39.2 32.5 32.1
1971 37.3 32.4 22.0 41.2 - 38.8 34.5 32.5
1972 37.5 32.2 23.3 42.8 - 39.0 36.5 32.9
1973 36.0 31.2 23.5 43.6 - 39.0 35.4 32.4
1974 37.6 32.6 25.7 48.1 - 39.6 34.9 34.0
1975 41.1 35.0 28.6 49.4 - 43.0 39.3 36.7
1976 40.2 33.8 29.2 49.2 - 43.4 38.3 36.1
1977 41.4 32.9 30.5 46.4 - 43.5 38.6 35.7
1978 41.6 32.1 32.2 44.8 - 44.4 41.1 35.7
1979 40.0 32.1 33.3 43.6 - 44.6 40.3 35.7
1980 41.6 34.1 34.2 45.9 - 45.7 40.7 37.2
1981 42.5 34.5 35.0 49.4 - 48.4 44.6 38.5
1982 47.3 36.8 35.2 48.4 - 49.8 46.8 40.2
1983 47.9 36.9 35.6 48.2 - 50.3 48.9 40.5
1984 47.5 36.0 34.7 48.3 - 51.2 49.1 39.9
1985 48.3 36.8 33.7 46.6 - 51.7 49.8 40.1
1986 47.6 37.2 33.6 45.3 - 51.1 50.4 40.1
1987 46.1 37.0 34.1 43.2 - 50.3 49.8 39.7
1988 45.4 36.2 33.2 41.0 - 49.9 50.4 38.9
1989 45.8 36.1 32.2 40.4 - 48.7 51.5 38.6
1990 48.8 37.1 32.0 41.5 - 49.4 52.9 39.4
1991 52.3 37.8 31.6 43.2 46.1 50.6 54.0 40.8
1992 53.3 38.5 32.5 45.2 47.3 52.0 55.4 41.8
1993 52.2 38.0 34.3 45.3 48.3 54.9 56.4 42.2
1994 49.7 37.0 35.5 44.6 47.9 54.2 53.5 41.5
1995 48.5 37.0 36.5 44.1 54.8 54.4 52.5 42.3
1996 46.6 36.5 36.8 42.2 49.3 54.5 52.5 41.2
1997 44.3 35.4 35.7 40.6 48.3 54.1 50.2 40.0
1998 44.8 34.7 42.5 39.5 48.1 52.7 49.3 40.5
1999 42.7 34.3 38.6 38.8 48.2 52.6 48.2 39.5
2000 41.1 34.2 39.0 36.6 45.1 51.6 46.1 38.7
2001 42.0 35.3 38.6 39.9 47.5 51.6 48.0 39.8
2002 41.2 36.3 38.8 40.9 48.0 52.6 47.4 40.5
2003 41.2 36.8 38.4 42.4 48.4 53.2 48.3 40.8
2004 39.9 36.4 37.0 43.2 47.3 53.3 47.8 40.3
2005 39.3 36.6 38.4 44.2 46.9 53.5 48.1 40.6
2006 39.4 36.5 36.2 44.3 45.3 52.7 48.7 40.0
2007 39.1 37.4 36.0 44.1 44.1 52.3 47.9 40.2
2008 39.7 39.0 37.1 48.1 44.0 52.7 48.7 41.6
Source: OECD Economic Outlook, No. 85 (June 2009).
Table 55
G7 general government financial balances
National Accounts basis
Year Canada United States Japan United Kingdom Germany   France Italy G7 average
(per cent of GDP)
1970 -0.4 -2.0 1.7 3.0 - 0.7 -3.2 -0.7
1971 -1.0 -2.7 1.2 1.7 - 0.5 -4.7 -1.4
1972 -1.0 -1.3 -0.1 -1.9 - 0.5 -6.9 -1.5
1973 0.6 -0.2 0.5 -4.2 - 0.4 -6.4 -0.9
1974 1.1 -1.0 0.4 -4.1 - 0.2 -6.3 -1.3
1975 -3.5 -5.2 -2.8 -5.2 - -1.9 -10.3 -4.8
1976 -2.8 -3.3 -3.8 -5.3 - -0.6 -7.9 -3.7
1977 -4.1 -2.1 -3.9 -3.8 - -0.6 -7.0 -3.0
1978 -4.8 -1.3 -5.7 -5.0 - -1.6 -8.5 -3.2
1979 -3.4 -0.9 -4.9 -4.1 - -0.2 -8.3 -2.6
1980 -4.1 -2.6 -4.5 -3.7 - -0.1 -7.0 -3.3
1981 -2.8 -2.2 -4.0 -5.0 - -2.2 -10.9 -3.6
1982 -7.0 -4.8 -3.9 -3.1 - -2.8 -10.0 -4.9
1983 -8.2 -5.6 -4.1 -3.9 - -2.5 -10.1 -5.4
1984 -7.8 -4.7 -2.5 -4.2 - -2.8 -11.5 -4.8
1985 -8.9 -5.0 -1.4 -3.3 - -3.0 -12.4 -4.8
1986 -7.2 -5.2 -1.1 -3.0 - -3.2 -11.9 -4.8
1987 -5.4 -4.3 -0.2 -2.1 - -2.1 -11.5 -3.8
1988 -4.3 -3.6 0.6 -0.1 - -2.6 -11.0 -3.1
1989 -4.6 -3.2 1.5 0.2 - -1.8 -11.4 -2.7
1990 -5.8 -4.2 2.1 -2.0 - -2.4 -11.4 -3.3
1991 -8.4 -4.9 1.8 -3.4 -2.8 -2.9 -11.4 -3.8
1992 -9.1 -5.8 0.8 -6.5 -2.5 -4.5 -10.4 -4.7
1993 -8.7 -4.9 -2.4 -8.0 -3.0 -6.4 -10.1 -5.1
1994 -6.7 -3.6 -4.2 -6.8 -2.3 -5.5 -9.1 -4.5
1995 -5.3 -3.1 -5.1 -5.8 -9.7 -5.5 -7.4 -5.0
1996 -2.8 -2.2 -5.1 -4.2 -3.3 -4.0 -7.0 -3.5
1997 0.2 -0.8 -4.0 -2.2 -2.6 -3.3 -2.7 -1.9
1998 0.1 0.4 -11.2 -0.1 -2.2 -2.6 -3.1 -2.3
1999 1.6 0.9 -7.4 0.9 -1.5 -1.8 -1.8 -1.0
2000 2.9 1.6 -7.6 3.7 1.3 -1.5 -0.9 -0.1
2001 0.7 -0.4 -6.3 0.6 -2.8 -1.6 -3.1 -1.7
2002 -0.1 -3.8 -8.0 -2.0 -3.6 -3.2 -3.0 -4.0
2003 -0.1 -4.8 -7.9 -3.7 -4.0 -4.1 -3.5 -4.8
2004 0.9 -4.4 -6.2 -3.7 -3.8 -3.6 -3.6 -4.2
2005 1.5 -3.3 -6.7 -3.3 -3.3 -3.0 -4.4 -3.6
2006 1.6 -2.2 -1.6 -2.7 -1.5 -2.3 -3.3 -2.0
2007 1.6 -2.9 -2.5 -2.7 -0.2 -2.7 -1.5 -2.2
2008 0.1 -5.9 -2.7 -5.5 -0.1 -3.4 -2.7 -4.1
Source: OECD Economic Outlook, No. 85 (June 2009).
Table 56
G7 general government net financial liabilities
National Accounts basis
Year Canada United States(1) Japan United Kingdom Germany   France Italy G7 average
(per cent of GDP)
1970 12.7 30.6 -6.5 47.2 - 0.8 31.4 22.5
1971 11.5 30.8 -7.3 46.3 - 1.0 35.3 22.6
1972 10.5 29.0 -6.4 41.4 - 2.1 40.3 21.7
1973 7.9 25.9 -6.0 38.0 - 1.1 41.6 19.7
1974 5.7 24.9 -5.2 34.6 - 0.2 39.0 18.6
1975 8.7 27.9 -1.7 32.8 - 0.9 47.6 21.3
1976 9.6 28.2 2.6 32.1 - -0.6 48.3 22.2
1977 10.5 27.0 6.5 36.7 - -1.2 48.0 22.7
1978 12.3 24.9 12.7 32.6 - 0.0 50.1 22.8
1979 13.7 22.5 16.6 29.2 - -1.7 49.1 21.8
1980 14.5 22.7 19.2 29.8 - -4.3 45.6 21.8
1981 13.5 22.5 22.4 23.9 - -0.2 49.5 22.5
1982 19.1 26.3 25.7 29.5 - 1.6 53.2 26.3
1983 25.6 29.6 29.5 30.0 - 3.9 62.8 30.0
1984 29.6 30.7 31.9 25.3 - 6.7 66.5 31.5
1985 35.3 33.1 31.1 26.0 - 9.5 73.0 33.6
1986 39.6 36.1 33.2 26.0 - 12.2 77.6 36.4
1987 39.2 37.9 30.8 6.6 - 13.0 82.3 35.5
1988 38.1 38.7 26.4 -0.1 - 14.7 85.1 34.8
1989 41.1 38.6 17.9 -5.0 - 15.3 79.7 32.4
1990 43.7 39.5 14.4 -3.6 - 17.1 82.5 32.7
1991 50.5 42.7 12.6 -1.4 8.7 18.5 86.2 31.8
1992 59.1 45.9 13.9 6.7 15.1 20.0 93.2 35.8
1993 64.2 48.2 17.2 17.4 18.5 26.8 100.5 39.9
1994 67.9 47.5 20.0 19.7 19.3 29.7 104.5 41.0
1995 70.7 47.0 24.1 26.3 30.3 37.5 99.0 43.6
1996 70.0 44.8 29.3 27.9 33.2 41.8 104.5 44.6
1997 64.7 41.7 34.8 30.6 33.0 42.3 104.7 44.1
1998 60.8 37.9 46.2 32.6 36.7 40.5 107.0 44.6
1999 55.8 33.2 53.8 29.0 35.2 33.5 101.1 41.9
2000 46.2 28.8 60.4 26.8 34.4 35.1 95.6 39.9
2001 44.3 27.7 66.3 23.2 36.7 36.7 96.3 40.4
2002 42.6 30.3 72.6 23.7 40.8 41.8 95.7 43.2
2003 38.7 33.8 76.5 23.9 43.5 44.2 92.7 45.5
2004 35.2 35.5 82.7 25.8 47.5 45.3 92.5 47.6
2005 30.7 36.1 84.6 27.2 49.8 43.2 93.7 48.2
2006 26.5 35.4 84.3 27.8 48.0 37.2 90.6 46.8
2007 23.5 36.1 80.4 28.8 43.0 34.0 87.1 45.5
2008 21.7 41.0 84.3 33.6 45.1 41.9 89.7 49.6
Sources: OECD Economic Outlook, No. 85 (June 2009); Federal Reserve, Flow of Funds Accounts of the United States (June 2009); Department of Finance calculations.
(1)  Adjusted to exclude certain government employee pension liabilities to improve comparability with other countries' debt measures.
Table 57
G7 general government gross financial liabilities
National Accounts basis
Year Canada United States(1) Japan United Kingdom Germany   France Italy G7 average
(per cent of GDP)
1970 54.3 43.6 11.3 69.5 - 40.0 55.2 42.0
1971 55.3 44.1 12.6 71.9 - 37.6 59.5 42.8
1972 53.5 42.5 16.8 63.2 - 35.2 65.9 41.9
1973 48.0 39.8 16.3 58.3 - 32.5 70.4 39.9
1974 45.8 38.7 12.8 54.5 - 30.8 70.0 38.2
1975 45.2 41.9 20.3 53.8 - 31.0 82.4 41.9
1976 43.6 42.0 27.2 51.8 - 29.3 82.1 42.9
1977 45.1 40.8 32.6 58.3 - 28.9 85.7 44.1
1978 48.0 39.7 41.3 51.9 - 29.9 90.9 45.2
1979 45.3 38.4 45.9 49.4 - 30.1 89.5 44.9
1980 45.6 38.9 51.1 48.7 - 29.7 86.8 46.0
1981 46.9 38.1 56.5 46.6 - 29.0 91.2 46.7
1982 52.7 42.7 61.4 50.8 - 32.9 95.0 51.4
1983 58.4 45.5 67.1 50.5 - 33.9 79.5 52.7
1984 61.7 47.1 69.9 50.6 - 35.6 82.4 54.4
1985 66.9 51.2 70.7 49.2 - 37.1 88.9 57.5
1986 71.0 54.2 76.2 48.6 - 37.9 92.8 60.6
1987 71.4 55.5 78.0 47.8 - 39.2 96.5 62.0
1988 71.1 55.9 75.2 41.8 - 39.0 98.8 61.4
1989 72.2 56.0 68.2 36.0 - 38.9 95.5 59.4
1990 75.2 57.3 64.7 32.3 - 38.6 97.6 59.3
1991 82.3 61.5 64.1 32.8 37.7 39.5 100.4 59.4
1992 90.2 63.7 67.9 39.0 40.9 43.9 106.9 63.0
1993 96.3 65.2 73.9 48.7 46.2 51.0 116.2 67.5
1994 98.0 64.2 79.4 46.8 46.5 60.2 120.9 69.0
1995 101.6 63.9 86.7 51.6 55.7 62.1 122.5 71.6
1996 101.7 62.8 94.0 51.2 58.8 65.7 128.9 73.3
1997 96.3 60.3 100.5 52.0 60.3 68.2 130.3 73.4
1998 95.2 57.1 113.2 52.5 62.2 70.3 132.6 74.1
1999 91.4 53.6 127.0 47.4 61.5 66.8 126.4 73.0
2000 82.1 48.0 135.4 45.1 60.4 65.6 121.6 70.5
2001 82.7 47.6 143.7 40.4 59.7 64.3 120.8 70.9
2002 80.6 50.0 152.3 40.8 62.1 67.3 119.4 73.6
2003 76.6 53.5 158.0 41.2 65.3 71.4 116.8 76.3
2004 72.6 54.6 165.5 43.5 68.7 73.9 117.3 78.4
2005 71.1 55.2 175.3 46.1 71.1 75.7 119.9 80.7
2006 68.0 54.7 172.1 46.0 69.4 70.9 117.2 79.1
2007 64.2 56.0 167.1 46.9 65.5 69.9 112.5 78.0
2008 68.4 64.0 172.1 57.0 69.0 76.1 114.5 84.3
Sources: OECD Economic Outlook, No. 85 (June 2009); Federal Reserve, Flow of Funds Accounts of the United States (June 2009); Department of Finance calculations.
(1)  Adjusted to exclude certain government employee pension liabilities to improve comparability with other countries' debt measures.