Federal Transfers to Provinces and Territories

In 2019-20, provinces and territories will receive $78.7 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Provinces and Territories
(millions of dollars)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer2 25,672 26,952 28,569 30,283 32,113 34,026 36,068 37,150 38,584 40,373
Canada Social Transfer3 11,179 11,514 11,859 12,215 12,582 12,959 13,348 13,748 14,161 14,586
Equalization 14,372 14,659 15,423 16,105 16,669 17,341 17,880 18,254 18,958 19,837
Offshore Offsets4 869 787 443 350 196 125 44 36 -72 -64
Territorial Formula Financing5 2,664 2,876 3,111 3,288 3,469 3,561 3,603 3,682 3,785 3,948
Total Transfer Protection6 525 952 680 56            

Total - Federal Support 55,281 57,739 60,085 62,297 65,029 68,013 70,943 72,870 75,416 78,680
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,628 1,683 1,731 1,774 1,832 1,900 1,959 1,997 2,038 2,096

See additional notes
1 The advance Fiscal Stabilization payments to Newfoundland and Labrador ($31.7 million) and to Alberta ($251.4 million) for 2015-16 are not included. One-time recoverable payments to Ontario ($150 million) and Prince Edward Island ($1 million) for 2011-12 are not included either.
2 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments to Newfoundland and Labrador and Nunavut in 2014-15.
It also includes separate payments to Ontario in respect of the Canada Health Transfer for 2010-11 ($246 million) to ensure Ontario receives the same Canada Health Transfer cash support as other Equalization-receiving provinces.
3 Canada Social Transfer excludes $31.9 million from Budget 2008 transition protection payments to Saskatchewan ($31.2 million) and Nunavut ($0.7 million) notionally allocated over five and three years respectively beginning in 2008-09.
4 Offshore Offsets to Newfoundland and Labrador and Nova Scotia include cash amounts from the 1985 and 1986 Accords and cash and notional amounts from the 2005 Arrangements.
They also include Cumulative Best-of Guarantee payments/recovery to Nova Scotia. Cumulative Best-of Guarantee recovery amount in 2019-20 is a preliminary estimate.
5 As approved by Parliament, Territorial Formula Financing (TFF) payments include an additional $67 million to Yukon ($16 million), Northwest Territories ($24 million), and Nunavut ($26 million) in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.
TFF includes transition payments to Yukon ($1.3 million) and Northwest Territories ($1.7 million) in 2019-20.
6 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that a province's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year.
For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Newfoundland and Labrador

In 2019-20, the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador will receive $764 million through major transfers.

Federal Support to Newfoundland and Labrador
(millions of dollars)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer2 436 449 468 486 490 502 528 538 549 561
Canada Social Transfer 168 171 180 184 187 191 196 199 201 203
Equalization                    
Offshore Offsets                    
  1985 Accord 642                  
  2005 Arrangement   536                

Total - Offshore Offsets3 642 536 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total Transfer Protection4 8                  

Total - Federal Support 1,253 1,157 648 670 677 694 724 737 750 764
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,404 2,204 1,233 1,270 1,282 1,312 1,364 1,395 1,425 1,464
See additional notes
1 The advance Fiscal Stabilization payment to Newfoundland and Labrador ($31.7 million) for 2015-16 is not included.
2 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments to Newfoundland and Labrador in 2014-15.
3 Offshore Offsets include cash amounts from the 1985 Accord. The 2005 Arrangement included an upfront payment of $2 billion in 2004-05; amounts presented here are notional allocations, not including the $1,153 million booked by Newfoundland and Labrador in 2008-09 that represents the unused portion of the upfront payment. The $536 million paid in 2011-12 under the 2005 Arrangement represents a transitional payment as Newfoundland and Labrador no longer qualifies for Equalization or Offshore Offset Payments beyond that year.
4 Total Transfer Protection was provided in 2010-11 to ensure that Newfoundland and Labrador's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection and not Offshore Offset Payments.

Federal Support to Prince Edward Island

In 2019-20, the Government of Prince Edward Island will receive $649 million through major transfers.

Federal Support to Prince Edward Island
(millions of dollars)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer 109 116 123 129 132 139 149 153 160 169
Canada Social Transfer 47 49 50 51 52 53 55 57 59 61
Equalization 330 329 337 340 360 361 380 390 419 419
Total Transfer Protection2 3                  

Total - Federal Support 490 493 509 519 544 553 584 600 637 649
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 3,459 3,430 3,514 3,578 3,728 3,775 3,912 3,993 4,163 4,136

See additional notes
1 One-time recoverable payment of $1 million for 2011-12 not included.
2 Total Transfer Protection was provided in 2010-11 to ensure that Prince Edward Island’s total major transfers in that year are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Nova Scotia

In 2019-20, the Government of Nova Scotia will receive $3.4 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Nova Scotia
(millions of dollars)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 728 760 800 839 852 896 944 967 998 1,043
Canada Social Transfer 310 317 323 328 334 341 349 358 366 377
Equalization 1,110 1,167 1,268 1,458 1,619 1,690 1,722 1,779 1,933 2,015
Offshore Offsets                    
  1986 Accord                    
  2005 Arrangement 227 250 443 350 196 125 44 36 -72 -64

Total - Offshore Offsets1 227 250 443 350 196 125 44 36 -72 -64
Total Transfer Protection2 250 158 13              

Total - Federal Support 2,626 2,652 2,848 2,975 3,001 3,052 3,060 3,140 3,227 3,371
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,788 2,810 3,014 3,154 3,185 3,242 3,228 3,306 3,370 3,476
See additional notes
1 The 2005 Arrangement included an upfront payment of $830 million in 2004-05. The amounts reported here include cash and notional allocations from the 2005 Arrangement and cash amounts from the 1986 Accord.
Offshore Offsets include $168 million in 2011-12, $146 million in 2012-13, $89 million in 2013-14, $64 million in 2014-15, $37 million in 2015-16, $33 million in 2016-17, $20 million in 2017-18, $18 million in 2018-19 and $8 million in 2019-20 in 2005 Arrangement.
They also include $83 million in 2011-12, $297 million in 2012-13, $260 million in 2013-14, $131 million in 2014-15, $88 million in 2015-16, $11 million in 2016-17, and $16 million in 2017-18 in Cumulative Best-of Guarantee payments to Nova Scotia, a recovery of $90 million in 2018-19 and a recovery of $73 million in 2019-20. Cumulative Best-of Guarantee recovery amount in 2019-20 is a preliminary estimate.
2 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2012-13 to ensure that Nova Scotia’s total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection and not Offshore Offset Payments.

Federal Support to New Brunswick

In 2019-20, the Government of New Brunswick will receive $3.2 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to New Brunswick
(millions of dollars)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 582 609 641 672 682 717 754 780 803 835
Canada Social Transfer 247 252 259 263 267 273 279 289 295 302
Equalization 1,581 1,483 1,495 1,513 1,666 1,669 1,708 1,760 1,874 2,023
Total Transfer Protection1 80 150 103 49            

Total - Federal Support 2,491 2,493 2,497 2,497 2,616 2,658 2,741 2,829 2,972 3,160
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 3,308 3,301 3,301 3,304 3,465 3,526 3,621 3,692 3,858 4,071
See additional notes
1 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that New Brunswick’s total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Quebec

In 2019-20, the Government of Quebec will receive $25.5 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Quebec
(millions of dollars)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 6,124 6,445 6,836 7,244 7,420 7,841 8,279 8,437 8,736 9,114
Canada Social Transfer 2,590 2,664 2,759 2,834 2,908 2,986 3,064 3,122 3,206 3,293
Equalization 8,552 7,815 7,391 7,833 9,286 9,521 10,030 11,081 11,732 13,124
Total Transfer Protection1   369 362              

Total - Federal Support 17,267 17,292 17,349 17,911 19,614 20,348 21,372 22,640 23,674 25,531
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,180 2,162 2,148 2,199 2,391 2,467 2,571 2,731 2,826 3,013
See additional notes
1 Total Transfer Protection was provided in 2011-12 and in 2012-13 to ensure that Quebec’s total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Ontario

In 2019-20, the Government of Ontario will receive $21.3 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Ontario
(millions of dollars)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer2 10,141 10,673 11,339 12,037 12,353 13,095 13,899 14,305 14,904 15,642
Canada Social Transfer 4,332 4,463 4,577 4,709 4,842 4,987 5,144 5,294 5,470 5,651
Equalization3 972 2,200 3,261 3,169 1,988 2,363 2,304 1,424 963 -

Total - Federal Support 15,446 17,335 19,177 19,915 19,184 20,445 21,347 21,022 21,337 21,293
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,178 1,309 1,431 1,471 1,404 1,484 1,530 1,496 1,493 1,464

See additional notes
1 One-time recoverable payment of $150 million for 2011–12 not included.
2 Canada Health Transfer includes separate payments to Ontario in respect of the Canada Health Transfer for 2010-11 ($246 million) to ensure Ontario receives the same Canada Health Transfer cash support as other Equalization-receiving provinces.
3 Ontario does not qualify for an Equalization payment in 2019-20.

Federal Support to Manitoba

In 2019-20, the Government of Manitoba will receive $4.3 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Manitoba
(millions of dollars)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 943 993 1,057 1,124 1,156 1,229 1,310 1,357 1,410 1,471
Canada Social Transfer 404 418 426 440 453 468 485 502 518 531
Equalization 1,826 1,666 1,671 1,792 1,750 1,738 1,736 1,820 2,037 2,255
Total Transfer Protection1 175 276 201 7            

Total - Federal Support 3,348 3,352 3,355 3,363 3,359 3,436 3,531 3,680 3,964 4,258
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 2,746 2,721 2,688 2,660 2,626 2,656 2,684 2,761 2,932 3,114
See additional notes
1 Total Transfer Protection was provided between 2010-11 and 2013-14 to ensure that Manitoba’s total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Saskatchewan

In 2019-20, the Government of Saskatchewan will receive $1.7 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Saskatchewan
(millions of dollars)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 824 850 906 970 1,013 1,075 1,142 1,170 1,212 1,262
Canada Social Transfer1 342 353 371 384 397 409 423 433 445 456
Equalization                    
Total Transfer Protection2 7                  

Total - Federal Support 1,174 1,204 1,277 1,354 1,411 1,484 1,565 1,602 1,657 1,718
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,118 1,130 1,178 1,227 1,260 1,313 1,364 1,395 1,425 1,464

See additional notes.
1 Canada Social Transfer excludes $31.2 million from Budget 2008 transition protection payment notionally allocated over five years beginning in 2008-09.
2 Total Transfer Protection was provided in 2010-11 to ensure that Saskatchewan's total major transfers in one of these years are no lower than in the prior year. For the purpose of calculating Total Transfer Protection, total major transfers comprise Equalization, Canada Health Transfer, Canada Social Transfer and prior year Total Transfer Protection.

Federal Support to Alberta

In 2019-20, the Government of Alberta will receive $6.4 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Alberta
(millions of dollars)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Major Transfers1                    
Canada Health Transfer 2,155 2,234 2,337 2,488 3,718 3,965 4,213 4,315 4,478 4,695
Canada Social Transfer 1,219 1,260 1,325 1,390 1,457 1,510 1,559 1,597 1,644 1,696
Equalization                    

Total - Federal Support 3,374 3,495 3,661 3,878 5,175 5,475 5,772 5,912 6,122 6,391
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 905 924 946 973 1,262 1,313 1,364 1,395 1,425 1,464

See additional notes
1 The advance Fiscal Stabilization payment to Alberta ($251.4 million) for 2015-16 is not included.

Federal Support to British Columbia

In 2019-20, the Government of British Columbia will receive $7.4 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to British Columbia
(millions of dollars)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 3,550 3,741 3,972 4,197 4,190 4,455 4,731 5,004 5,204 5,447
Canada Social Transfer 1,484 1,528 1,551 1,593 1,642 1,697 1,751 1,852 1,910 1,968
Equalization                    

Total - Federal Support 5,034 5,269 5,523 5,790 5,832 6,152 6,482 6,857 7,114 7,415
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 1,128 1,172 1,216 1,263 1,256 1,312 1,364 1,394 1,425 1,464
See additional notes

Federal Support to the Yukon

In 2019-20, the Government of Yukon will receive $1.1 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to the Yukon
(millions of dollars)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 26 27 29 32 33 35 38 40 42 44
Canada Social Transfer 11 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 15 16
Territorial Formula Financing1 653 705 767 817 851 874 895 919 950 997

Total - Federal Support 690 744 809 861 898 923 946 975 1,008 1,057
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 20,005 21,046 22,512 23,829 24,487 24,796 24,909 24,611 24,898 25,931
See additional notes
1 As approved by Parliament, TFF payment includes an additional $16 million in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.
TFF includes a transition payment of $1.3 million in 2019-20.

Federal Support to the Northwest Territories

In 2019-20, the Government of Northwest Territories will receive $1.4 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to the Northwest Territories
(millions of dollars)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer 26 26 30 32 40 42 44 46 47 48
Canada Social Transfer 14 15 15 15 16 16 16 17 17 17
Territorial Formula Financing1 920 996 1,070 1,121 1,209 1,233 1,220 1,232 1,256 1,309

Total - Federal Support 960 1,037 1,115 1,169 1,264 1,291 1,281 1,295 1,321 1,375
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 22,244 23,864 25,572 26,738 28,849 29,247 28,686 28,839 29,227 30,652
See additional notes
1 As approved by Parliament, TFF payment includes an additional $24 million in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.
TFF includes a transition payment of $1.7 million in 2019-20.

Federal Support to Nunavut

In 2019-20, the Government of Nunavut will receive $1.7 billion through major transfers.

Federal Support to Nunavut
(millions of dollars)
  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Major Transfers                    
Canada Health Transfer1 28 29 31 34 34 35 37 38 40 42
Canada Social Transfer1 11 11 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 15
Territorial Formula Financing2 1,091 1,175 1,273 1,350 1,409 1,454 1,489 1,530 1,579 1,642

Total - Federal Support 1,129 1,216 1,317 1,396 1,456 1,502 1,539 1,582 1,633 1,698
Per Capita Allocation (dollars) 33,942 35,677 37,993 39,550 40,368 41,090 41,460 42,203 42,985 43,819
See additional notes
1 Canada Health Transfer includes transition protection payments to Nunavut in 2014-15.
Canada Social Transfer excludes $0.7 million from Budget 2008 transition protection payment to Nunavut notionally allocated over three years beginning in 2008-09.
2 As approved by Parliament, TFF payment includes an additional $26 million in 2016-17, stemming from the legislative amendments to enhance the stability and predictability of the program.

Additional Notes for Tables on Federal Support to Provinces and Territories

Totals may not add due to rounding and are subject to regular revision.

The table excludes Wait Times Reduction Transfer allocated to provinces and territories from 2010-11 to 2013-14.

Canada Health Transfer and Canada Social Transfer for 2019-20 are preliminary. Final amounts for 2019-20 will be determined in September 2020.