# Archived - Canada at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development 2009 Report on Operations Under the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Agreement Act

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## The Official Development Assistance Accountability Act (ODAAA)

The ODAAA came into force on June 28, 2008, and applies to all federal departments providing Official Development Assistance, including the Department of Finance. The Act lays out three conditions that must be satisfied for international assistance to be considered Official Development Assistance: (1) contributes to poverty reduction; (2) takes into account the perspectives of the poor; and (3) is consistent with international human rights standards.

The ODAAA requires the Minister of Finance to provide information related to Canada’s engagement with the BWIs. To facilitate Finance specific reporting required in the Act, the BWI report provides a summary of any representation made by Canadian representatives at the BWIs (as seen throughout the report), summarizes how Canada’s activities under the Bretton Woods and Related Agreements Act have contributed to the ODAAA (as seen throughout the report), and documents the position taken by Canada on any resolution adopted by the BWI’s Board of Governors (as seen in the section "Canada’s IMF and World Bank Voting Record and Outreach in 2009"). CIDA’s annual ODAAA and statistical reports will document Finance’s 2008–09 ODA payments, consisting of IDA, bilateral debt relief, MDRI, and arrears clearance.

As part of Finance’s implementation of the Act, it held Web consultations in December 2008, inviting input from the Canadian public, civil society organizations, governments and international agencies on whether the Department’s international assistance payments met the three conditions listed above. Finance also asked how the next consultation process in December 2010 could be improved.

To support communication with the Canadian public, the Government has taken the initiative to significantly improve the scope and depth of the annual BWI report. This report, in combination with CIDA’s annual ODAAA and statistical reports, meets the ODAAA’s reporting requirements.

### Finance’s Four Types of ODA Payments

http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/acdi-cida/ACDI-CIDA.nsf/eng/NAT-9288209-GGP

Total fiscal year 2008–09 payments (April 1, 2008-March 31, 2009) = C$705.70 million 1.International Development Association (IDA):$384,280,000
IDA is the World Bank’s principal financing tool for the world’s poorest countries, providing them with interest-free loans and grants. More information is available on IDA’s website.

2. Bilateral Debt Relief: $172,111,00014 Bilateral and multilateral debt relief disbursements are considered to be ODA-eligible as they contribute to poverty reduction by freeing up resources (which would otherwise be used to service sovereign debts) for use toward social expenditures. Further, debt relief recipients self-direct poverty alleviation efforts based on their individual heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and must demonstrate that debt relief efforts include equity (e.g. human rights) commitments. Canada has been an international leader in the area of poverty reduction by forgiving more than$1 billion in debt owed to it by the world’s poorest, most indebted countries. More information is available on the following websites: Club de Paris and (HIPC) The Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative.

3. Multilateral Debt Relief: $149,280,000 Canada has been active in the development and formatting of debt relief through the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI). Canada committed to provide the IMF, the World Bank and the African Development Fund (ADF) with$2.5 billion to cover its MDRI share. More information is available on the MDRI website at imf.org/external/np/exr/facts/mdri.htm.

4. Arrears Clearance: $0 When poor countries are in arrears to multilateral institutions, they are not eligible to receive any additional program funding from these institutions, thus inhibiting their ability to reduce poverty. When Canada clears these arrears on behalf of a poor country, we help the country to obtain additional program funding from international institutions and adopt debt relief initiatives such as HIPC and MDRI. ## Annex2 ## Canadian Statements at the International Monetary and Financial Committee of the Board of Governors of the IMF The Honourable Jim Flaherty, Minister of Finance for Canada on behalf of Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Dominica, Grenada, Ireland, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ## Washington, DC April 25, 2009 This meeting is taking place against the backdrop of the most synchronized global recession since the International Monetary Fund (IMF) was created 65 years ago. The credit crisis that originated in the financial systems of advanced members has radiated out to other Fund members, resulting in the contraction of credit, and sudden stops and reversals in capital flows. Moreover, the crisis has spread from the financial sector to the "real" economy as output, employment and trade volumes have fallen dramatically. These effects have been felt by Fund members around the globe. In Canada, real GDP declined by 3.4 per cent in the fourth quarter of 2008 and current indicators point to a further sharp decline in the first quarter of 2009. The Government’s Economic Action Plan, which was tabled in January, provides support to the Canadian economy over the next two years equivalent to 3.2 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP), including leverage from other levels of government. In addition, the Plan includes a$200-billion Extraordinary Financing Framework to improve access to financing for Canadian households and businesses. As a result, after a decline in Canadian real GDP of 2.5 per cent in 2009, the IMF expects a rebound in growth to 1.2 per cent in 2010—the strongest performance of any Group of Seven (G7) economy. This relative vigour reflects the sound policy frameworks and comparative strength of Canadian banks, which support credit flows and provide the foundation for a resumption of growth.

Ireland’s economy is set to contract by 7.75 per cent this year as a combination of deteriorating domestic and external conditions weigh upon activity. In the recent supplementary budget, a number of revenue-raising measures and public expenditure cuts were implemented in order to limit the deterioration in the general government deficit to 10.75 per cent of GDP for 2009. In addition, to address the issue of asset quality in the banking system, the Government will establish on a statutory basis a National Asset Management Agency to which certain assets will be transferred from the banks. The purpose of this initiative will be to strengthen the banks’ balance sheets and achieve a sustained flow of credit to the economy.

In our Caribbean constituencies, economic activity has decelerated: tourism, the region’s major foreign exchange earner, has declined; similarly, remittances, a major contributor to the region’s national income, are down; and there has been a substantial drop in foreign direct investment flows. While seeking to address these challenges, the region remains committed to implementing sound macroeconomic policies and reforms to strengthen the economic and financial architecture to reduce vulnerabilities and to build the necessary safeguards for the future. The role of the international financial institutions and other development partners remains critical in assisting the Caribbean region in implementing short- and long-term financial and macroeconomic policy responses to the crisis.

Some of our Caribbean countries have significant financial sector activities. There is a risk that changes to financial sector regulation in advanced countries could have negative unintended consequences on these activities. In particular, there is a risk that measures taken against non-cooperative jurisdictions, including tax havens, could have unintended negative impacts on well-regulated, transparent, financial centres. I believe that this should be avoided. Countries that comply with international standards should be protected from such measures.

### The Global Recession and the International Response

The severity of the current downturn has naturally led to comparisons with earlier episodes of global economic contractions, particularly the Great Depression. The Fund was designed to assist its members to avoid the policy pitfalls that contributed to the prolonged economic stagnation of the 1930s: monetary policy did not provide liquidity in response to severe financial shocks; fiscal policy turned pro-cyclical as national economies started to contract; and trade protectionism exacerbated the downturn, turning a severe recession into a global depression.

We have learned from these policy failures. In the last six months, global leaders have agreed on the importance of taking concrete steps to quarantine impaired assets and recapitalize banks, where necessary; to implement fiscal and monetary stimulus as quickly as possible; to guard against protectionism in all of its forms; and to strengthen the financial system through sound national regulatory and supervisory frameworks and better international cooperation and surveillance.

Moreover, we have a set of institutions to promote international economic and financial cooperation. The IMF’s mandate of promoting international monetary cooperation and global financial stability, which has facilitated the expansion of international trade, has never been more relevant.

### Response to the Crisis

In London a few weeks ago, global leaders reaffirmed the central role of the IMF by agreeing to a number of measures to ensure that the Fund has the capacity to address the current crisis. These measures include:

• Negotiating temporary bilateral credit arrangements with the Fund totaling US$250 billion, of which Canada has agreed to provide US$10 billion.
• Expanding the New Arrangements to Borrow (NAB) by up to US$500 billion. Canada’s proposed US$10-billion bilateral credit arrangement will be rolled into a new NAB commitment, increasing our stake in this important multilateral arrangement five-fold. We encourage other creditor members to follow suit, particularly those who are not currently NAB members.
• A general Special Drawing Right allocation equal to US$250 billion, which will quickly provide almost US$100 billion in reserve assets to emerging market and low-income countries.
• Doubling the IMF’s concessional lending capacity for low-income countries in a manner that is consistent with debt sustainability.
• Implementing the 2008 quota agreement as quickly as possible, which will increase the IMF’s quota resources by almost 12 per cent. Canada is completing the domestic steps required to ratify this agreement and I urge other IMF members to do the same.
• And, finally, completing the next review of IMF quotas by January 2011, accelerating the process by two years.

Reforms have also taken place at the IMF in response to this crisis, such as the development of the Flexible Credit Line for precautionary purposes. All of these efforts reflect the ongoing relevance of the IMF and demonstrate that the role of the institution will never be static.

### The Changing Role of the IMF

As important as these measures are, it is clear that further concerted efforts are needed if the Fund is to play a stronger role in resolving this crisis and in preventing future ones. Prior to the current crisis, there were fundamental tensions among the membership with respect to the legitimacy, credibility and effectiveness of the Fund. These issues remain, notwithstanding the broad agreement on the continued importance of the Fund in assisting its members in the current crisis, and will have to be addressed to the satisfaction of the entire membership. Indeed, as IMF Governors, we have a collective responsibility to set a long-term course for the Fund. The upcoming quota review provides a unique opportunity to develop this common vision. A clear agreement on the IMF’s role will ultimately help us to determine the resources and tools that it should have at its disposal, the responsibilities its members have to the institution and each other, and how it is best organized and governed.

The fundamental objective of the Fund remains the same—to promote international monetary cooperation and financial stability by assisting its members respond appropriately to external shocks through a judicious balance of financing and adjustment. And, yet, we have to recognize that, as a result of the remarkable process of financial integration that we have witnessed over the past two decades, the environment in which the Fund operates has changed. Our collective challenge is to ensure that the Fund is capable of fulfilling its mandate.

As a result, the quota review should consider a number of fundamental questions:

• What are the appropriate tools and level of IMF resources required for effective short-term crisis response? The present environment has revealed the difficulties in distinguishing between illiquidity and insolvency. In examining the IMF’s role in providing liquidity to members, it is important that we determine whether we have the appropriate mechanisms to address sovereign insolvency cases in a timely and orderly fashion.
• What responsibilities do IMF members have to the institution and to each other? The IMF relies on the willingness of its members to participate in the surveillance of macroeconomic and macroprudential policies, such as through Article IV and Financial Sector Assessment Program reviews. We need to determine the extent of the liberties we, as Governors, are willing to give IMF management and staff in pursuit of their independent surveillance and advisory mandates.
• For low-income countries (LICs), do we have the right balance between short- and medium-term support, to help countries respond to temporary shocks, and longer-term assistance to help LICs with entrenched macroeconomic and structural imbalances?

### Governance

The quota review also provides a good basis for parallel consideration of the appropriate governance structure for the IMF. We are pleased that, in London, governments agreed on the need for an open process for the selection of the Managing Director, a long-standing position held by Canada. Leaders also agreed to study IMF governance and ways to increase Governors’ involvement in the institution. Reports from the eminent persons’ committee, chaired by Trevor Manuel, and from the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) provide valuable insights deserving of reflection.

Looking forward, key governance questions include:

• How is the IMF best organized and governed? We need to achieve an appropriate balance between respecting Fund independence and maintaining appropriate oversight.
• What are the appropriate responsibilities of each level in the organization? Consistent with recommendations of the IEO and the eminent persons’ committee, there should also be a clear delineation of the roles and responsibilities of each level of decision maker (within a transparent accountability framework).

As a key element of the quota review, which should start as soon as possible after these Spring Meetings, it is incumbent upon Governors, the Board and the Staff to engage on these fundamental mandate and governance questions in a thoughtful, constructive and collegial manner.

### Conclusion

The extraordinary responses of IMF members to the economic and financial crisis reaffirm the international community’s determination not to repeat the errors of the Great Depression. Under the Managing Director’s leadership, the Fund has played a critical role in mobilizing international efforts to limit the risks of a prolonged global slump. Our work is not over, however, and we must continue to work collectively and cooperatively to return the global economy to the path of sustained growth.

The past few months have demonstrated the critical importance of the IMF in promoting international coordination and providing crisis support. Canada remains committed to the underlying objectives of the Fund—to promote international monetary cooperation, financial stability and international trade—which are the foundations of global growth and wellsprings of prosperity for all. As we move towards the next quota review, of central interest to all members is ensuring that the IMF is able to fulfill its mandate of promoting the public good of international monetary and financial stability in an effective manner. This will require a pragmatic discussion of the role of the IMF and the instruments, resources and governance structure required to achieve its mandate.

The international community has demonstrated how it can effectively come together to respond to a crisis. We must show a similar degree of collaboration and commitment in ensuring the IMF is equipped to play a central role in the 21st-century global economy.

## Istanbul, Turkey October 4, 2009

I thank our Turkish hosts for creating a very welcoming venue for the 2009 International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank Annual Meetings.

This past year has been very challenging for us all. Confronted with the biggest threat to the global economy in 70 years, many countries took extraordinary measures to protect both their economies and citizens from economic collapse. The "green shoots" of stabilization and recovery that we are now seeing are the result of the collective policy response that individual countries have implemented in a spirit of cooperation. As we emerge from a crisis atmosphere, we cannot reduce our efforts to deal with the many, shared global challenges.

• Despite encouraging signs of stabilization and indications of modest growth in the second half of 2009, the global outlook remains weak and a private-sector led recovery has yet to be established. Moreover, mounting unemployment rates have yet to stabilize and will remain a challenge in many countries in 2010. As such, it is essential that stimulus measures continue through 2010 and are fully implemented.
• Looking forward to the post-crisis period, attention must shift to fiscal consolidation and medium-term debt sustainability. The goal should be to maintain confidence and create the fiscal space needed to meet long-term challenges such as climate change and aging populations.
• As well, all financial sector regulatory reform elements that were agreed within the Group of Twenty (G20) need to be implemented.
• Finally, as the global recovery takes hold, unbalanced patterns of global growth will also need to be addressed. While global imbalances have eased in the wake of the global financial crisis, the improvement may prove temporary unless the factors underlying their emergence are resolved. We need to facilitate timely, orderly adjustment in the global economy.

Given its core mandate of promoting international monetary and economic cooperation, the Fund has a central role in helping us—its members—face these challenges and facilitate orderly adjustments to an evolving global economy.

In Canada, the rate of decline in real gross domestic product (GDP) eased to -3.4 per cent in the second quarter of 2009 after dropping by 6.1 per cent in the first quarter of 2009. However, Canada has fared much better than most other major advanced economies over the last year. Canada was the last major advanced country to enter recession, and the fall in output in Canada has been among the lowest of all Group of Seven (G7) countries since the start of the global recession. Current indicators suggest that the Canadian economy will recover in the second half of 2009 and gain momentum through 2010. To ensure that the economic recovery is secured, the Government will complete the implementation of Canada’s Economic Action Plan so that growth takes hold and jobs are created and maintained. Canada’s fiscal stimulus package of 4 per cent of GDP over the next two years, including leverage from other levels of government, is tied with Japan as the largest in the G7 and is among the highest in the G20. In line with an expected sustained recovery, the IMF expects a rebound in growth of 2.1 per cent in 2010, the strongest performance of any G7 economy.

### Irish and Caribbean Developments

The Irish economy is undergoing a very substantial adjustment. Output last year declined by 3 per cent, and is projected to fall by a further 7.75 per cent this year. With a further decline expected next year, activity is projected to fall by a cumulative 15 per cent in the three years to 2010. For a number of years, activity had been artificially boosted by excess production of residential housing. The resulting increase in living standards was consequently unsustainable. The most recently published data do provide tentative grounds for some optimism. While activity continues to decline, it is doing so at a slower pace, helped in part by demand for exports. The deterioration in the economic environment, especially the downturn in tax-rich sectors, has had severe implications for the public finances. To limit the deterioration, measures amounting to 5 per cent of GDP this year have been adopted. Employment has fallen significantly, and despite outward migration, unemployment has risen to its highest rate in over a decade. On a harmonized basis, prices in Ireland are falling at the fastest rate in the euro area (-2.4 per cent year-on-year in August), in part due to excess economic capacity.

The past year has also been a difficult one for the Irish financial system. A cleansed and reformed banking system is fundamental to underpin economic recovery and the Irish Government has taken a number of decisive actions in this regard. Most recently, the Irish Government has published legislation to establish a National Asset Management Agency, to remove certain portfolios of risky property-related assets from the balance sheets of relevant banks. This will remove the systemic threat posed by these assets and allow Irish banks to focus on their core function, lending to the real economy to support businesses and ordinary people.

As a result of the global crisis, output in the Caribbean is projected to contract in 2009, with only a very mild recovery likely during 2010. Countries experienced declines in tourism, foreign investments, mining sector exports and remittance inflows. This has placed increased negative pressures on net international reserves. However, the financial sectors remained relatively stable as a result of enhanced regulatory and supervisory frameworks and prompt actions to contain spillover risks. With governments already facing serious resource constraints, the need to mitigate the impact of the crisis has contributed to significantly increased deficits. Outcomes could have been worse if the authorities had not pursued prudent policies before the crisis. Nevertheless, there is a serious risk of eroding the recent gains made in improving social indicators. The need for access to concessional financing from international financial institutions is therefore important, as governments commit to medium-term structural reforms to reduce debt levels. Support is also vital as authorities explore medium-term strategies to strengthen economic activities and reduce vulnerabilities.

Financial sector activities are a significant part of some Caribbean economies. Regional authorities remain concerned that the changes contemplated to regulations in advanced countries could have negative unintended consequences on these activities. There is still a risk that transparent well-regulated jurisdictions could be harmed by the measures taken against non-cooperative jurisdictions, including tax havens. Again, countries that comply with international standards should be protected from such measures.

### IMF Reform

Our response to the recent crisis has put into sharp focus the critical role the IMF has to play in supporting our collective efforts. The Fund faced criticism in recent times as it tried to deal with 21st century crises stemming from volatile international capital flows, but using tools aimed at combating 20th century current account problems. Since last year, the Fund has moved swiftly to adapt its operations to help members weather the economic and financial turmoil—we should applaud their efforts over the last year. While the IMF and its membership acted decisively to address shortcomings, we need to take advantage of this momentum to push for further progress on strengthening the Fund and preparing it to fulfil its role of promoting global stability. This includes the need for members to provide clearer direction on the role we want the IMF to play in surveillance and lending.

We need the IMF to meet three tests in order to be ready for the challenges going forward. The IMF needs to be legitimate, credible and effective:

• A legitimate Fund requires that voice and representation reflect the economic realities of the 21st century.
• A credible IMF requires the necessary resources and instruments to achieve its agreed mandate, but also the trust of its members.
• Finally, an effective Fund requires a strategic and accountable governance structure, as well as members committed to carrying out their responsibilities to the institution and to each other.

These three characteristics are interrelated, and unless we make progress on all three fronts, we will have missed an historic opportunity.

#### Legitimacy

In terms of legitimacy, a key challenge is to ensure that the Fund reflects the changing economic weight of members in the global economy, while also safeguarding the voice of the Fund’s poorest low-income members. In this respect, I hope all IMF members will support the historic agreement among G20 Leaders in Pittsburgh:

• to a shift in quota share to dynamic emerging market and developing countries of at least 5 per cent from over-represented to under-represented countries using the current IMF quota formula as the basis to work from; and
• to protect the voting share of the poorest in the IMF.

Legitimacy, however, is not just about quota. It is also reflected in an open, transparent and merit-based selection process for the Managing Director and senior management that does not reserve a place for select countries. The best candidate for the job needs to be selected, irrespective of nationality, based on their qualifications and factoring in the need for diversity.

By the 2010 Spring Meetings, the Executive Board should present to Governors a process for Managing Director and senior management appointments that fulfills these criteria. We as Governors should endorse that process through a Governors’ vote and implement it for all future competitions. This effort at the IMF needs to be matched by the World Bank and the regional development banks, as endorsed by G20 Leaders in Pittsburgh.

#### Credibility

The second pillar that we need to continue to make concrete progress on is IMF credibility, which means two things. First, the IMF needs sufficient resources and the right tools to do the job. I am encouraged here because much has been achieved in the last year to bolster Fund resources and reform its lending facilities. Indeed, its credibility as global firefighter has been re-established through innovations like the Flexible Credit Line and low-income country facility reforms, the Special Drawing Right allocation, New Arrangements to Borrow expansion efforts, and the upcoming increase in IMF quotas. We now need to take time to see how these important reforms will work out in practice before we look to implement further changes.

But, as we look ahead, it is important that we collectively give greater consideration to the future role of the IMF in promoting international economic stability. While the traditional role of the Fund—to promote international monetary cooperation and economic stability by supporting a judicious balance of financing and adjustment—will continue to remain relevant, we must also face the reality that our economies now operate in an environment where private capital flows dwarf those from the official sector. Indeed, the international financial crises of the past 15 years have demonstrated the need to deal effectively with volatile cross-border flows of capital in a way that does not impose an unsustainable burden on members on the one hand, or undermine the efficient allocation of capital on the other.

This points to the need to strengthen the Fund’s mandate of macrofinancial stability in all its dimensions—financial sector, domestic macroeconomic policies, and currency arrangements. Credibility demands that the Fund’s mandate remain relevant and up-to-date.

To this end, I am very pleased that the Chairman of the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC) is hosting a meeting dedicated solely to the question of the IMF’s mandate. It will be important that we all work together to articulate a common vision of the Fund’s role in the global architecture, one that reinforces that macrofinancial stability is at the core of the Fund’s mandate. Our first task in Istanbul must be to define a venue to continue this productive discussion, so that this important review may begin.

The second front on IMF credibility is gaining the trust of members, which—while the situation has definitely improved—in some cases remains a challenge for the IMF. In practice, this means the Fund must give its members analytically strong, candid, even-handed policy advice. Even-handed means similar circumstances yield similar advice, while reflecting relevant national circumstances. But the membership must also be receptive to critical advice. We cannot compromise on the Fund’s role as a tough truth teller.

#### Effectiveness

The third pillar of IMF reform is effectiveness, and it means two things. First, the IMF needs a modern, accountable governance structure. Governors need an effective venue to set the strategic direction for the Fund and Bank, which argues for seeking improvements to the IMFC. I applaud our Chair for taking initiative in this regard. The format of this meeting is an improvement over the past, and we should continue to seek improvements in the deputies’ and communiqué development processes.

In turn, the Managing Director needs to implement the strategic direction set by Governors. That means giving the Managing Director the leeway to operate, but Governors and the Executive Board in turn must hold the Managing Director and senior management to account for their performance. The Executive Board needs to focus on strategic policies, streamline its workload and promote institutional accountability.

In short, we need to make progress on corporate governance issues if the Fund is to reach its full potential. This reform effort should maintain an effective forum for Governors to provide strategic direction to the Fund, and engage capitals in holding the IMF to account for its lending and surveillance decisions. Article IV reviews and the governance arrangements for IMF lending should encourage efficiency and accountability. Management and staff must have the independence they need to speak truth to power, but must be constrained by clearly defined responsibilities, performance standards, and reporting mechanisms. The Manuel Committee report and the recommendations of the IMF’s Independent Evaluation Office will be very useful in this exercise.

While I believe these reforms are needed, they are not enough. The IMF is a member-based institution, and if members do not take their responsibilities seriously, it does not matter if the IMF is legitimate or credible. It still will not be effective. The Fund membership needs to improve its record of responding to and implementing IMF policy advice.

As mentioned, this latest crisis has demonstrated the interconnectedness of the global economy. We all face immense challenges that will only be tackled through collective action and we need to avoid policies that have negative spillover effects for each other. Thus, transparency amongst governments and with markets is critical. Article IV and Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) reports have a key role—IMFC members should publish their reports as a symbol that we are taking our responsibilities seriously. Systemically important countries should also commit to regular, published FSAP updates.

Beyond transparency, real cooperation is needed between IMF members and with the Fund. This is why I fully support G20 efforts to institute a new peer review mechanism under the G20 Framework for Strong, Sustainable, and Balanced Growth, announced in Pittsburgh last week. While the modalities for this exercise must be set, I see a strong role for the IMF in this process as a trusted advisor and tough truth teller.

#### Conclusion

In closing, we have made significant progress on IMF reform since last year. We now need to finish the job to ensure the institution is legitimate, credible and effective. We all need to show flexibility, look beyond narrow self-interests and invest political capital in making this happen, because we need a strong IMF to help sustain the cooperation we need to succeed over the coming years. I hope the roadmap that I have laid out here will help in this regard.

## Canadian Statements at the Development Committee of the Boards of Governors of the World Bank and IMF

The Honourable Jim Flaherty, Minister of Finance for Canada

on behalf of Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Ireland, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

## Washington, DC April 26, 2009

The financial and economic turmoil that began in advanced economies is now truly a global crisis that is spilling over into developing countries, and with serious repercussions. This meeting of the Development Committee is an opportune time for us to discuss the risks for developing countries and share views on what can be done to help.

It is now clear that for many countries, the effects of the crisis are being felt sooner and are harder than expected. Over the last few months, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank have adjusted their growth projections for developing countries downwards rapidly and sharply, with negative growth now projected for Latin America and the Caribbean, Central and Eastern Europe, and Central Asia.

The crisis is hitting developing countries from a number of directions—a deterioration of trade, sharply lower commodity prices, and a serious fall in private capital flows, foreign direct investment and remittances. This is made worse by the fact that the crisis is following on the heels of a global food and energy crisis that has drawn down the fiscal space that existed in many countries. The risks in terms of deepening poverty, child mortality and loss of development progress are significant.

Staving off an extended global recession and promoting early recovery is of primary importance in containing the impact on all countries, whether advanced, middle-income or low-income economies. In this respect, leaders provided a strong response at the London Summit on April 2, 2009, including commitments in the four highest priority areas: fixing the financial system and getting credit flowing, implementing coordinated stimulus activity, avoiding protectionism and strengthening financial market regulation. Restoring global growth to a sustainable, balanced path is the most significant thing members can do to help mitigate the impact of the crisis on developing countries.

At the same time, assistance to help developing countries through the turmoil will be critical. The World Bank Group and IMF have begun responding to needs and working to improve the tools they have available. We need to ensure that the World Bank and IMF can play a counter-cyclical role through the crisis, providing additional assistance to developing countries through the economic downturn. This is not only a matter of providing a higher volume of assistance, but also of having the right tools to provide assistance that is timely and targeted to the most vulnerable populations. At the same time, however, we need to be mindful of avoiding a new build-up of unsustainable debt levels in low-income countries and not jeopardizing the financial sustainability of the international financial institutions themselves. Finally, it remains important to make progress on governance reforms at the World Bank to strengthen it as a platform for international cooperation.

### World Bank Group Assistance

We very much support the concrete actions taken by the World Bank Group and IMF in this respect. For the World Bank, this includes the near tripling of lending from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) to provide up to $100 billion over three years, the crisis response facilities set up by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), and the new Vulnerability Financing Facility to fast-track funding to low-income countries for critical social and infrastructure spending, food security and social safety nets to protect the most vulnerable. We commend the Bank for moving quickly on these initiatives, for exploring innovative responses and for its efforts to mobilize broad participation by donors and the private sector. We note that small island states in the Caribbean region have been particularly hard hit by the fuel, food and economic crises. These events have caused a significant fall in remittances, inflation in essential food items, and negative growth in their tourism sector. We hope to see the World Bank direct more resources to these countries, especially with the new crisis mechanisms in place, and we urge it to develop innovative approaches to assist these countries and to look at what policies might be unduly constraining their access to financing. Canada stands ready to assist developing countries through the crisis. We are providing US$200 million to the IFC’s Global Trade Liquidity Program to help counter the ongoing collapse of trade finance in the developing world.

Last year, Ireland was the sixth-largest aid donor in the world in per capita terms. Notwithstanding recent difficult decisions in relation to adjustments of the Irish overseas aid program, this is likely to be maintained in 2009. Ireland remains very much engaged in overseas development, with a clear emphasis on hunger, food security and poverty alleviation, especially in Africa.

At the time of the United Nations (UN) Summit last September, Ireland launched the Report of the Hunger Task Force, which was warmly welcomed and focuses on three areas where action can have a great impact: increasing smallholder agricultural productivity in Africa; targeting maternal and infant under-nutrition; and making hunger eradication a priority at both the national and international level. Ireland also announced, in January 2009, that the eradication of hunger would become a cornerstone of the Irish aid program, and appointed a Special Envoy for Hunger to assess the international response to the global food security crisis and advance measures to tackle this challenge. Ireland is also actively working with the UN Secretary-General’s High Level Task Force on the Global Food Security Crisis, and is keen to see the development of a new partnership that can put hunger at the top of the political and development agenda.

### IMF Assistance for Low-Income Countries

The IMF has an essential role to play in assisting those with urgent balance of payment needs and we therefore welcome the action it has taken to promptly implement the outcomes of the London Summit, including the proposed doubling of access limits for low-income countries in a manner that is consistent with debt sustainability. Looking ahead, the IMF has laid out an ambitious work plan to thoroughly review its low-income country facilities and financing framework to ensure that it has the right tools to help the poorest and most vulnerable respond to this and future crises. I am encouraged by the direction in which this work is headed, and I encourage the Fund to work with the Executive Board to complete this review process rapidly.

### Debt Sustainability

As the international financial institutions and donors continue to explore ways to mobilize additional resources to help low-income countries through the crisis, it will be important to keep in mind the need to avoid a new build-up of unsustainable debt levels. We must be mindful of safeguarding the significant progress achieved under the Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative and the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative. We believe that the emphasis should be on providing additional resources to low-income countries in the form of grants, and proposals to provide more non-concessional resources to  low-income countries should be approached with great caution, as countries’ risk of debt distress could shift in line with deteriorating economic conditions.

### World Bank Financial Sustainability

As a financial institution, the World Bank has itself been affected by the crisis, with the result that, should this be a prolonged crisis, the IBRD and IFC will experience pressure on their capital adequacy and ability to generate net income, including for continued contributions to support the International Development Association. It is essential that the IBRD and IFC remain financially healthy and viable in order to play their critical role in economic growth and poverty reduction, and we ask management to fully assess the implications of a prolonged crisis on the resource adequacy of these institutions and the role they will be able to play in crisis response. Management should bring forward a range of measures to strengthen the IBRD and IFC’s financial positions, for consideration by the Executive Board.

### World Bank Governance Reforms

The economic crisis underscores the need for the international community to work together, and in this respect the World Bank and IMF play a critical role as both are key platforms for international cooperation and dialogue. A clear demonstration of this is the central role they are playing in monitoring the impact of the crisis on developing countries, bringing it to the attention of the international community and encouraging action. These institutions are important assets for the international community, and it is important that we ensure their legitimacy and effectiveness for the future. An important part of this is completing the World Bank’s governance reforms.

This includes the ongoing work to improve the voice and participation of developing countries in the institution’s decision-making processes. We were very supportive of the agreement reached last fall to add a third seat on the Executive Board for Sub-Saharan Africa and to double "basic votes" to increase the relative voting power of the poorest and smallest member countries. Within this constituency, the governments of Ireland, Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas and Saint Lucia have already formally ratified this agreement and others, including the Government of Canada, are now taking necessary steps to do so.

Over the next few months, we will actively participate in shaping a further phase of reforms, focused on a review and realignment of shareholding. We believe that an equitable shareholding alignment would be best achieved through the regular and reliable application of a World Bank-specific formula that has global economic weight as its foundation, but may also include other relevant factors given the institution’s development mandate.

In addition, we note the importance of the work being done by the Executive Board on internal governance reforms, to support efficient and effective Executive Board decision-making, and to ensure that it provides strong oversight, accountability and strategic direction, while also leaving World Bank management with enough flexibility to respond to changing recipient country needs and circumstances in a timely manner.

We also strongly believe that the heads and senior leadership of the international financial institutions, including the World Bank and IMF, should be appointed through open, transparent and merit-based selection processes, regardless of nationality. We are pleased that many members have expressed support for this.

## Istanbul, Turkey October 5, 2009

We would like to thank our host, the Turkish government, for having us here today in this beautiful and historic city.

The financial and economic crisis has underscored just how valuable it is for us to have strong international financial institutions to support us in global cooperation. These institutions have been instrumental in alerting us to the challenges facing developing countries through the crisis and have been on the front line in responding to their needs.

This meeting comes at an important juncture. We have worked hard over the last few months to ensure swift action. The multilateral development banks have ramped up their lending significantly and are on track to meet the goal set at the London Summit of providing 100 billion in additional financing. They have also set up specialized crisis facilities to tackle critical gaps, such as food security and trade finance. And, shareholders have helped to support this with capital and other financial contributions. We now have an opportunity to harness this momentum to move forward on key institutional reforms. In this regard, I want to reiterate the importance of strengthening the legitimacy, credibility and effectiveness of the World Bank Group. We need to take the steps necessary to ensure that this institution meets all three of these essential tests if we want it to continue to serve as a strong platform for our cooperation into the future. • A legitimate World Bank Group requires that voice and representation reflect the economic realities of the 21st century. • A credible World Bank Group requires sufficient resources and responsive toolkits. • Finally, an effective World Bank Group requires a strategic and accountable governance structure. ### Legitimacy It is important that we continue to move forward on the World Bank Group’s voice and participation reforms and meet our goal of reaching a final agreement by spring 2010. Last fall we reached an agreement on phase one of these reforms. We now need to follow through with it, and to do so, we need members to signal their formal acceptance. Many of the members in our constituency have done so, including members from the Caribbean, as well as Ireland. I am pleased to say that Canada has taken many of the steps required for formal acceptance and we intend to complete the process as soon as possible. On phase two of these reforms, including the realignment of shareholding, we think it is worth taking stock of the progress we have made so far. In our view, we have taken two very important steps forward. First, we have broad recognition that the World Bank should finally have its own unique formula for representation and that the past practice of basing it loosely on International Monetary Fund quotas and making ad hoc adjustments is no longer adequate. Second, we have support for this to be a dynamic process, so that representation can reflect the natural evolution of our global economy. This will provide the foundation to move over time towards parity in voting power and beyond, between developed and developing countries. At the Pittsburgh Summit, Leaders agreed that in this phase there would be an increase of at least 3 per cent of voting power for developing and transition countries. Developing a formula that is acceptable to the membership as a whole and is right for the Bank as a financial institution will require a lot of work over the next six months. In Pittsburgh, Leaders also laid down key principles to help guide this exercise. First, as the World Bank is a financial institution, economic weight should remain the primary foundation for the shareholding formula. The formula should be dynamic in order to take into account changes over time in economic weightings. Second, the formula should take into account the relative strengths of donors’ contributions to the International Development Association (IDA), in order to provide incentives to maintain strong support. Third, there is a need to be fair to everyone in this exercise, which means setting one standard from which under-represented countries will move up and over-represented countries will move down in shareholding, regardless of whether they are categorized as a developed or developing country. That said, we support the preservation of the voting power of the smallest and poorest states, to ensure an adequate minimum level of voice. And finally, voice must be matched by responsibility. In this regard, it will be critical that new shares have an appropriate paid-in portion, so that we are all making equal effort to support the Bank’s financial capacity. ### Credibility The efforts of the World Bank Group in responding to the crisis should be recognized—it moved quickly to more than triple lending and put in place innovative, specialized crisis facilities such as the Global Food Response Program and the Global Trade Liquidity Facility. By being flexible and creative, the World Bank Group has succeeded in front-loading a large amount of resources. The World Bank Group’s vigorous response has placed pressure on its resources and we are open to a dialogue on its financial capacity—it must have enough resources to address the crisis and fulfill its important mandate post-crisis. However, several important factors remain unknown at this point. The path of the recovery is unknown, and this has a great influence on what its financing needs will be going forward. It is also unclear how much of the1.5 billion in paid-in capital that is currently in an unusable form at the Bank will be released as usable equity. We also do not know how much capital will come in through the upcoming voice reform agreement.

As the World Bank Group does not face an immediate financing shortfall, however, we can take the time necessary to evaluate its long-term needs and do a comprehensive analysis of all possible solutions, including temporary ones. We should consider how mechanisms such as contingent capital could be used to increase World Bank lending at times of crisis. On this same timeline, we can also look at whether the current pricing model is sustainable.

Credibility also requires the World Bank Group to have a toolkit that is responsive to the needs of its clients. Through the crisis, the Bank has made a lot of effort to help developing countries protect public expenditure programs and implement urgent measures. But we need to continue strengthening the Bank’s crisis response capabilities, especially in the predictability and flexibility of its financial support. In particular, the Bank has had limited flexibility in responding to the needs of low-income countries, and we need to look at options to address this. An important consideration is how to provide assistance through times of difficulty without creating future debt sustainability problems.

### Effectiveness

With respect to fostering a more strategic and accountable governance structure, we think the internal governance reforms led by the Executive Board’s Committee on Governance and Administrative Matters are very important. The reforms aim to lift the Executive Board and senior management out of transactional procedures to allow them to focus more on setting strategic direction. However, we need to make sure that we follow through properly on these, and we believe it would be useful to confirm in the spring that full implementation has been achieved.

Another area for continued attention is deepening the country-led development model and enhancing the Bank’s ability to listen and respond to its client’s individual needs. In this respect, true decentralization of decision making is critical, including in fragile states. We believe we also need more opportunities to hear directly from borrowing countries about their experiences with the Bank. In this respect, we would ask management to strengthen the voice of borrowing countries in the IDA replenishment discussions, including new ways of facilitating real dialogue and collaborative generation of ideas.

Finally, I want to reiterate my support for open, merit-based and transparent selection processes for the heads and senior leadership, irrespective of nationality, at the World Bank Group and at all other international financial institutions.

In conclusion, the crisis has demonstrated the importance of international cooperation. The international financial institutions, including the World Bank Group, are a concrete manifestation of that cooperation and it is incumbent on the membership to ensure that they are capable of supporting and sustaining our collective efforts. This requires that we work together to strengthen their legitimacy, credibility and effectiveness.

## Washington, DC April 25, 2009

1. The International Monetary and Financial Committee held its nineteenth meeting in Washington, D.C. on April 25, 2009, chaired by Dr. Youssef Boutros-Ghali, the Minister of Finance of Egypt. It will hold its next meeting in Istanbul, Turkey on October 4, 2009.

### Crisis Management

2. We restate our resolve to work collaboratively to restore international financial stability and global growth. We underline the central role of the IMF and welcome the vigorous actions taken to support countries in responding to the crisis. We commit ourselves to further strengthening the Fund’s ability to assist in meeting members’ external needs. We welcome the prompt response by Fund members in committing sizable support to the Fund’s loanable resources, and encourage others to come forward.

3. We are committed to taking additional actions needed to ensure economic recovery, and in particular to:

• Take further decisive and cooperative action necessary to ensure the soundness of systemically important institutions, and to restore the financial health of banks, domestic lending, and international capital flows;
• Deliver the scale of sustained fiscal effort necessary to restore growth, within credible fiscal frameworks to ensure long-term sustainability;
• Maintain expansionary monetary policies where appropriate and for as long as needed, consistent with price stability; and
• Develop credible exit strategies from extensive government action as the crisis subsides.

4. We stress the importance of members taking account of the effects of their economic, financial, and investment policies on others, and refraining from protectionism in any form. The IMFC calls for urgently concluding an ambitious and balanced Doha Development Round, which will help boost the recovery of the global economy, and emphasizes the importance of ensuring the availability of sufficient trade finance.

5. We call on the IMF to assess regularly the actions taken and still required to restore macroeconomic stability, sustainable growth, and international financial stability. We will evaluate progress and the need for further action at our next meeting.

6. We welcome the G-20 Leaders’ Statement, including the Declaration on Strengthening the Financial System. We underscore the importance of enhancing sound regulation, strengthening transparency, and reinforcing international cooperation. We urge the IMF to play a key role in contributing to international efforts toward these ends, consistent with its mandate.

### Mobilizing Fund Resources

7. We call on the IMF to continue acting promptly to make available, under adequate safeguards, substantial resources to member countries with external financing needs. Since the IMF is, and shall remain, a quota-based institution, we urge a prompt start to the fourteenth general review of quotas so that it is completed by January 2011. We have agreed to increase the resources available to the IMF through immediate financing from members of US$250 billion, subsequently incorporated into expanded and more flexible New Arrangements to Borrow (NAB), increased by up to US$500 billion, and to consider market borrowing if necessary. We welcome progress by the NAB meeting yesterday, chaired by Japan and attended by NAB current and potential participants, and ask the group to carry this work forward expeditiously. While an expanded NAB is an important backstop for Fund resources, we recognize that it is not a substitute for a quota increase. We also stress the need to ensure that the Fund has adequate financing capacity to meet the needs of low-income countries.

8. A key achievement of today’s meeting is ensuring the doubling of the Fund’s loanable resources. The Committee commends the loan by Japan already approved, and recent commitments made by Canada, members of the European Union, Norway, Switzerland, and the United States.

### Fund Programs and the Global Financial Safety Net

9. We welcome the overhaul of the IMF’s lending and conditionality framework, including the new Flexible Credit Line (FCL) and high access precautionary arrangements (HAPAs). We also welcome the doubling of normal access limits for all borrowers, including under the PRGF and ESF. We support sufficient flexibility within IMF-supported programs, consistent with the Fund’s mandate. In particular, we support giving due attention to the fiscal needs of countries with solid medium-term fiscal prospects, and the needs arising from bank restructuring and recapitalization, working with MDBs as appropriate. We call on the IMF to ensure the successful and evenhanded implementation of this new lending and conditionality framework, and ask the Managing Director to report on progress at our next meeting.

10. To strengthen the global financial safety net in the face of this severe crisis, the Committee supports:

• Doubling the Fund’s concessional lending capacity for low-income countries, while ensuring debt sustainability, and exploring scope for increased concessionality. Subsidies could be financed through a combination of bilateral contributions—possibly by new donors—and the Fund’s resources and income, including the use of additional resources from agreed gold sales, consistent with the new income model. Separately, the Committee calls on donors to honor their existing ODA commitments;
• Rapid completion of the reform of the Fund’s facilities for low-income countries to make them more responsive to diverse country needs, and the review of options to enhance the flexibility within the Debt Sustainability Framework; and

9. We commend the Fund’s innovative efforts to improve financial safety nets for member countries. Fund financial support to many members as well as the SDR allocations of US$283 billion have helped restore confidence. The Flexible Credit Line (FCL), in particular, has provided important support to a number of emerging market economies. At the same time, increased concessional support has provided additional space in low-income countries for countercyclical policies. 10. The Fund should continue to strengthen its capacity to help its members cope with balance of payments problems, including financial volatility, and reduce the perceived need for excessive reserve accumulation. We ask the Fund, by the time of the next Annual Meetings, to study and report on the future financing role of the Fund. Building on the success of the FCL and high access precautionary arrangements, this study should consider whether there is a need for enhancing financing instruments and whether this can offer credible alternatives to self-insurance, while preserving adequate safeguards. We also call on the Fund to study other policy options to promote long-term global stability and the proper functioning of the international monetary system. 11. The overhaul of the Fund’s concessional lending framework and its commitment to more than double concessional lending are welcome and significant steps. They will help meet the increased financing needs of low-income countries, with due regard for debt sustainability. We look forward to full implementation of the new income model, including the agreement on gold sales, and the commitment to provide additional subsidy resources. We welcome the commitment by some members to provide additional loan and subsidy resources. We urge other potential contributors to step up expeditiously their loan and subsidy contributions to ensure adequate resources for the agreed increase in IMF concessional lending. 12. The next IMFC meeting will be held in Washington, D.C. on April 24, 2010. An IMFC Deputies’ meeting will be convened to prepare our next meeting and to take stock on progress made. ## Annex5 ## Communiqués of the Development Committee of the Boards of Governors of the World Bank and IMF, 2009 ## Washington, DC April 26, 2009 1. The Development Committee met today, April 26, in Washington, D.C. 2. The global economy has deteriorated dramatically since our last meeting. Developing countries face especially serious consequences, as the financial and economic crisis turns into a human and development calamity. Hard-earned progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is now in jeopardy. The crisis has already driven more than 50 million people into extreme poverty, particularly women and children. We must alleviate its impact on developing countries and facilitate their contribution to global recovery. 3. The World Bank Group (WBG) and the IMF have shown leadership and complement each other in helping developing countries respond to the crisis, enabling countercyclical measures, and helping to bridge the huge financing gap, including efforts to revive private capital flows. Multilateral institutions need the resources and capacity for effective crisis response and prevention. We welcomed member countries’ commitments to a substantial increase in resources for the IMF. 4. More needs to be done as the crisis unfolds further. We now need to translate our respective commitments, including those made by the participants at the recent London Summit, into concerted action and additional resources. We urged all donors to accelerate delivery of commitments to increase aid, and for us all to consider going beyond existing commitments. 5. We welcomed the WBG’s efforts to ensure a timely crisis response while maintaining its focus on long term development challenges, including those posed by climate change and the need to accelerate progress towards the MDGs. We noted the expected trebling of IBRD lending this fiscal year and the fast tracking of IDA 15 commitments. We supported the initiatives the WBG has launched and encouraged their timely implementation: • To protect the poorest, the Bank has set up the Vulnerability Financing Facility, including the Global Food Crisis Response Program and the new Rapid Social Response Program. IFC has also created the Microfinance Enhancement Facility to help poor borrowers. • To reinvigorate trade finance, IFC has expanded its Global Trade Finance Program from$1 billion to $3 billion, and has also launched its Global Trade Liquidity Program, expected to support up to$50 billion of trade over the next three years.
• To maintain infrastructure development and create jobs, the Bank has established the Infrastructure Recovery and Assets Platform. The Bank will lend up to $15 billion a year for infrastructure, while IFC has launched the Infrastructure Crisis Facility. • To help support the financial sector, IFC has created the Capitalization Fund, to provide additional capital for developing country banks. MIGA has extended guarantees to loans to Eastern Europe for coverage of$500 million.

Many of these initiatives are designed to mobilize more resources, both public and private. We welcomed the additional contributions that have been made and urged governments to consider further support. In addition, we called upon the WBG to update as appropriate its policies, instruments and strategies in light of lessons learned from the crisis.

5. We encouraged the WBG to make full use of its existing resources, and are pleased the WBG is on track to provide over $100 billion in IBRD financing over three years. We welcomed the progress in examining measures to improve the WBG’s financial capacity and sustainability. We committed to ensure that the WBG has sufficient resources to meet future development challenges, and asked for an updated review, including on the WBG’s general capital increase needs, to be completed by Spring 2010 for decision. The review should also address all possible contingent approaches as well as keep in mind the infusion of capital that would come from a special capital increase for voice reform. In considering the potential general capital increase needs of the IFC, the review should also examine the use of hybrid capital. 6. Core spending on health, education, social safety nets, infrastructure, and agriculture in LICs needs to be protected, while maintaining debt sustainability. In these circumstances, we committed to ensure that IDA has the concessional resources it needs. We committed to explore the benefits of a new crisis response mechanism in IDA to protect LICs from crises, to be considered as part of the IDA 15 Mid-term Review. We called on the Bank to develop a multilateral trust fund to support the Food Security Initiative for LICs in coordination with other relevant multilateral institutions and initiatives. We also asked the WBG to review further ways to make more resources, including IBRD enclave lending, available to LICs. 7. We committed to pursue governance and operational effectiveness reform in conjunction with voting reform to ensure that the World Bank is relevant, effective, and legitimate. We stressed the importance of moving towards equitable voting power in the World Bank over time through the adoption of a dynamic formula which primarily reflects countries’ evolving economic weight and the World Bank’s development mission, and that generates in the next shareholding review a significant increase of at least 3% of voting power for developing and transition countries, in addition to the 1.46% increase under the first phase of this important adjustment, to the benefit of under-represented countries. While recognizing that over-represented countries will make a contribution, it will be important to protect the voting power of the smallest poor countries. We recommitted to reaching agreement by the 2010 Spring Meetings. 8. Continuing improvements in the corporate governance, accountability and operational effectiveness of the WBG are essential for confronting the development challenges of the 21st century. We welcomed progress to date and asked for a report for our next meeting on progress and proposals for advancing these reforms. 9. The Committee expressed its appreciation to the Government of the Republic of Turkey for hosting the Annual Meetings. It thanked Mr. Agustin Carstens, Secretary of Finance of Mexico, for his valuable leadership and guidance as Chairman of the Committee during the past three years, and welcomed his successor, Mr. Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa, Minister of Finance of Bahrain. 10. The Committee’s next meeting is scheduled for April 25, 2010 in Washington, DC. ## Annex6 ## Operational Highlights and Key Financial Indicators of the IMF for Fiscal Year 2009 The flow of IMF disbursements (purchases) was larger than the flow of repayments (repurchases) in FY2009. However, between FY2005 and FY2008, the opposite was the case. FY2009 saw a large increase in purchases and a small decrease in repurchases.  FY2008 FY2009 (millions of SDRs) Purchases 1,468 16,363 PRGF loans 484 719 Total disbursements 1,952 17,082 Repurchases 2,905 1,833 PRGF repayments 419 468 Total repurchases and repayments 3,324 2,301 Note: Numbers may not add due to rounding. The IMF’s outstanding credit increased significantly from FY2008 to FY2009, primarily due to increases in purchases (use by members) of Stand-By Arrangements.  FY2008 FY2009 (millions of SDRs) Stand-By Arrangements 5,182 19,925 Extended Arrangements 676 468 Supplemental Reserve Facility – – Compensatory and Contingency Financing Facility 38 33 Systemic Transformation Facility – – Subtotal, General Resources Account 5,896 20,426 SAF Arrangements 9 9 PRGF-ESF Arrangements 3,873 4,124 Trust Fund 66 66 Total 9,844 24,625 Note: Numbers may not add due to rounding. Please see the IMF 2009 Annual Report for detailed data regarding the policies and finances of the IMF. All data referenced in this annex can be found in the appendices of the IMF 2009 Annual Report. ## Annex7 Active IMF Lending Arrangements—As of December 31, 2009 Member Date of arrangement Expiration date Amount approved Undrawn balance (millions of SDRs) Stand-By Arrangements Angola November 23, 2009 February 22, 2012 858,900 629,860 Armenia March 6, 2009 July 5, 2011 533,600 231,660 Belarus January 12, 2009 April 11, 2010 2,269,517 437,929 Bosnia and Herzegovina July 8, 2009 June 30, 2012 1,014,600 831,970 Costa Rica April 11, 2009 July 10, 2010 492,300 492,300 Dominican November 9, 2009 March 8, 2012 1,094,500 894,500 El Salvador January 16, 2009 March 31, 2010 513,900 513,900 Gabon May 7, 2007 May 6, 2010 77,150 77,150 Georgia September 15, 2008 June 14, 2011 747,100 364,600 Guatemala April 22, 2009 October 21, 2010 630,600 630,600 Hungary November 6, 2008 October 5, 2010 10,537,500 2,900,500 Iceland November 19, 2008 May 31, 2011 1,400,000 735,000 Latvia December 23, 2008 March 22, 2011 1,521,626 807,834 Maldives December 4, 2009 December 3, 2012 49,200 45,100 Mongolia April 1, 2009 October 1, 2010 153,300 45,990 Pakistan November 24, 2008 December 30, 2010 7,235,900 3,066,565 Romania May 4, 2009 May 3, 2011 11,443,000 5,355,000 Serbia January 16, 2009 April 15, 2011 2,619,120 1,597,975 Sri Lanka July 24, 2009 March 23, 2011 1,653,600 1,240,200 Ukraine November 5, 2008 November 4, 2010 11,000,000 4,000,000 Total 55,845,413 24,898,633 Extended Arrangements Seychelles December 23, 2009 December 22, 2012 19,800 18,920 Total 19,800 18,920 Flexible Credit Line Colombia May 11, 2009 May 10, 2010 6,966,000 6,966,000 Mexico April 17, 2009 April 16, 2010 31,528,000 31,528,000 Poland May 6, 2009 May 5, 2010 13,690,000 13,690,000 Total 52,184,000 52,184,000 Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Afghanistan June 26, 2006 March 31, 2010 81,000 11,300 Burkina Faso April 23, 2007 April 22, 2010 48,160 1,004 Burundi July 7, 2008 July 6, 2011 46,200 26,400 Central African Republic December 22, 2006 June 30, 2010 69,620 8,670 Comoros September 21, 2009 September 20, 2012 13,573 9,345 Congo, Democratic Republic of the December 11, 2009 December 10, 2012 346,450 296,957 Congo, Republic of the December 8, 2008 December 7, 2011 8,460 4,834 Côte d’Ivoire March 27, 2009 March 26, 2012 373,980 178,860 Djibouti September 17, 2008 September 16, 2011 12,720 7,380 Gambia, The February 21, 2007 February 20, 2010 20,215 1,995 Ghana July 15, 2009 July 14, 2012 387,450 319,800 Grenada April 17, 2006 April 16, 2010 16,380 1,680 Guinea December 21, 2007 December 20, 2010 69,615 45,135 Haiti November 20, 2006 January 31, 2010 114,660 7,610 Liberia March 14, 2008 March 13, 2011 239,020 13,320 Mali May 28, 2008 May 27, 2011 27,990 8,000 Nicaragua October 5, 2007 October 4, 2010 78,000 23,900 Niger June 2, 2008 June 1, 2011 23,030 13,160 São Tomé and Principe March 2, 2009 March 1, 2012 2,590 2,220 Sierra Leone May 10, 2006 May 9, 2010 51,880 19,185 Tajikistan April 21, 2009 April 20, 2012 78,300 52,200 Togo April 21, 2008 April 20, 2011 84,410 26,400 Zambia June 4, 2008 June 3, 2011 220,095 55,185 Total 2,413,798 1,134,540 Exogenous Shocks Facility Ethiopia August 26, 2009 October 25, 2010 153,755 80,220 Kyrgyz Republic December 10, 2008 June 9, 2010 66,600 33,300 Maldives December 4, 2009 December 3, 2011 8,200 7,175 Mozambique June 30, 2009 June 29, 2010 113,600 14,200 Senegal December 19, 2008 June 18, 2010 121,350 32,360 Tanzania May 29, 2009 May 28, 2010 218,790 19,890 Total 682,295 187,145 Grand total 111,145,306 78,423,238 Note: Numbers may not add due to rounding. Source: http://www.imf.org/external/fin.htm. ## Annex8 ## Operational Highlights and Key Financial Indicators for the World Bank Group in Fiscal Year 2009 Operational highlights and key financial indicators for World Bank Group associations are summarized in the following tables. IBRD lending commitments to member countries were$32.9 billion in FY2009, up $19.4 billion from$13.5 billion in FY2008. The large increase is due to the large resource mobilization that the organization undertook in the wake of the global financial crisis. IDA lending increased by $2.8 billion to$14 billion for 176 projects in FY2009. The IFC committed $10.5 billion in FY2009, a decrease of$0.9 billion from FY2008 commitments. MIGA issued guarantees worth $1.4 billion in FY2009, a decrease of 33 per cent from FY2008. MIGA attributes the decrease to a decline in investment due to the financial crisis.  FY2008 FY2009 (millions of US dollars) Administrative expenses 1,258 1,441 Operating income 2,217 572 Total assets 233,599 273,681 Fiscal-year commitments 13,468 32,911 Number of projects 99 126 Gross disbursements 10,490 18,564 Principal repayments including prepayments 12,610 10,217 Net disbursements (losses) (2,120) 8,347 Equity-to-loans ratio (per cent) 38 35 Sources: The World Bank Group Annual Report (2009) and IRBD financial statements (2009).  FY2008 FY2009 (millions of US dollars) Net income (283) 1,850 Cumulative commitments 193,000 207,000 Fiscal-year commitments 11,235 14,0411 Number of projects 199 176 Gross disbursements 9,160 9,219 Principal repayments 2,182 2,209 Net disbursements 6,978 7,010 1 Includes a HIPC grant of$45.5 million for Côte d’Ivoire. Source: The World Bank Group Annual Report (2009).
 FY2008 FY2009 (millions of US dollars) Administrative expenses 549 582 Operating income (loss) 1,9381 (153) Total assets 49,471 51,483 Committed portfolio 32,400 34,502 Fiscal-year commitments 11,400 10,547 Number of projects 372 477 Loan and equity investments, net 23,319 22,214 1 As restated—World Bank Group Annual Report (2009). Source: IFC Annual Report (2009) and IFC consolidated financial statements (2009).
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
FY2008 FY2009
(millions of US dollars)
Administrative and other expenses 28.5 29.8
Operating income 55 50.6
Total assets 1,220 1,190
Statutory underwriting capacity 11,593 12,096
Fiscal-year guarantees issued 2,098 1,377
Number of new projects 23 20
Net exposure 3,578 3,966
Return on operating capital, before provisions (per cent) 7.3 3.2
Source: MIGA Annual Report (2009).