Department of Finance Canada
Quarterly Financial Report for the Quarter Ended December 31, 2016 (unaudited)
Table of Contents
This quarterly financial report has been prepared by management as required by section 65.1 of the Financial Administration Act and in the form and manner prescribed by the Treasury Board Accounting Standard 1.3. This quarterly financial report should be read in conjunction with the Main Estimates and Supplementary Estimates of the Department of Finance Canada.
The quarterly financial report has not been subject to an external audit or review.
1.1 Authority, Mandate and Program Activities
The Department of Finance Canada (the ‘Department’) provides the Government of Canada with high quality advice on appropriate economic, fiscal, tax, social, security, international and financial sector policies and programs with the goal of strengthening the Canadian economy and maintaining sustainable fiscal policy and social programs.
The Department's responsibilities include the following:
- Preparing the Federal Budget and the Fall Economic Statement;
- Preparing the Annual Financial Report of the Government of Canada and, in cooperation with the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat and the Receiver General for Canada, the Public Accounts of Canada;
- Developing tax and tariff policy and legislation;
- Managing federal borrowing on financial markets;
- Designing and administering major transfers of federal funds to the provinces and territories;
- Developing financial sector policy and legislation; and
- Representing Canada in various international financial institutions and organizations.
1.2 Basis of Presentation
This quarterly report has been prepared by management using an expenditure basis of accounting. The accompanying Statement of Authorities includes the Department’s spending authorities granted by Parliament and those used by the Department, consistent with the Main Estimates and Supplementary Estimates for both fiscal years as well as transfers from Treasury Board central votes that are approved by the end of the quarter. This quarterly financial report has been prepared using a special purpose financial reporting framework designed to meet financial information needs with respect to the use of spending authorities.
The authority of Parliament is required before monies can be spent by the Government. Approvals are given in the form of annually approved limits through appropriation acts or through legislation in the form of statutory spending authority for specific purposes.
The Department uses the full accrual method of accounting to prepare and present its annual departmental financial statements that are part of the departmental performance reporting process. However, the spending authorities voted by Parliament remain on an expenditure basis.
1.3 Department of Finance Canada – Financial Structure
The Department has three major categories of expenditure authority. These categories are:
- Voted budgetary authorities: included in this category are the operational expenditures of the Department itself as well as authorized expenditures under grants and contribution programs. These expenditures must be specifically approved by Parliament through an appropriation act.
- Statutory budgetary authorities: included in this category are expenditure authorities that are granted through an existing Act of Parliament. Further parliamentary approval is not required for expenditures related to statutory amounts and it is within the normal course of business that statutory expenditures may in some cases exceed planned spending estimates. Departmental statutory payments include those made under the Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act as well as interest incurred in connection with the public-debt of Canada.
- Non-budgetary authorities: included in this category are disbursements made by the Department which do not have a direct budgetary impact to the Government. This includes the value of loans initially disbursed to Crown corporations participating in the Crown Borrowing Framework.
2. Highlights of fiscal quarter and fiscal year-to-date (YTD) results
This Departmental Quarterly Financial Report (QFR) reflects the results of the current fiscal period in relation to the Main Estimates and Supplementary Estimates A and B of 2015-16.
The following graph provides a comparison of budgetary authorities available for the full fiscal year and budgetary expenditures for the first nine months of 2015-16 and 2016-17. Non-budgetary authorities related to the value of loans disbursed to Crown corporations participating in the Crown Borrowing Framework are not reflected in the Estimates.
Sections 2.1 and 2.2 below highlight the significant items that contributed to the increase in the resources available from 2015-16 to 2016-17 and the decrease in actual expenditures (budgetary and non-budgetary) as at December 31, 2016 compared to December 31, 2015. Full details can be found in Table 1, Statement of Authorities found at the end of this document.
2.1 Authorities Analysis
The following table provides a comparison of cumulative authorities by vote for the current and previous fiscal years.
|Authorities Available (in millions)||2016-17||2015-16||$||%|
|Vote 1 - Program Authorities||101.2||107.7||(6.5)||-6.0%|
|Major transfers to other levels of government||66,413.4||63,312.4||3,101.0||4.9%|
|Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities||22,901.0||25,618.0||(2,717.0)||-10.6%|
|Direct program expenses||601.2||613.0||(11.8)||-1.9%|
|Total Budgetary authorities||90,016.8||89,651.1||365.7||0.4%|
Authorities available in fiscal year 2016-17 are $90,016.8 million at the end of the third quarter as compared to $89,651.1 million at the end of the third quarter of 2015-16, representing an increase of $365.7 million.
Voted budgetary authorities
Starting in 2016-17, departmental operating expenditures and grants and contributions are consolidated into Vote 1 – Program Expenditures. This change provides a more efficient approach to the management of voted expenditures.
Total 2016-17 Vote 1 program authorities available as at December 31, 2016, are $101.2 million compared to $107.7 million for the same period in 2015-16, representing a decrease of $6.5 million. This decrease is mainly attributable to a reduction in funding for government advertising.
Statutory budgetary authorities
Statutory authorities available in fiscal year 2016-17 are $89,915.6 million at the end of the third quarter compared to $89,543.4 million at the end of the same quarter of 2015-16, representing an increase of $372.2 million.
This increase of $372.2 million relates to three broad categories: an increase of $3,101.0 million in major transfers to other levels of government, offset by a decrease in authorities for direct program expenses of $11.8 million and a decrease of $2,717.0 million in Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities. Additional details are provided below.
Authorities for major transfers to other levels of government as at December 31, 2016, are $66,413.4 million compared to $63,312.4 million for the same period in 2015-16. The increase of $3,101.0 million is primarily due to the following factors:
- Canada Health Transfer (CHT) – An increase of $2,041.6 million reflecting the annual increased funding commitment in the Jobs, Growth and Long-term Prosperity Act, 2012. This program will increase by 6% per year until 2016-17, after which it will grow based on a 3-year moving average of nominal gross domestic product growth, with funding guaranteed to increase by at least 3% per year;
- Fiscal Equalization – An increase of $539.1 million reflecting the 3.1% gross domestic product-based escalator being applied to the 2015-16 level;
- Canada Social Transfer – An increase of $388.8 million reflecting the 3% annual increased funding commitment in the Jobs, Growth and Long-term Prosperity Act, 2012;
- Alternative Payments for Standing Programs – A decrease in recoveries in the amount of $120.0 million as a result of a decrease in the value of personal income tax points that were transferred to Quebec;
- Territorial Financing – An increase of $41.9 million as a result of new and updated data used to calculate territorial expenditure requirements and revenue capacities entering the formula for Territorial Formula Financing. Budget Implementation Act, 2016 No.1, contained amendments to this program to address the impact of certain public sector data revisions. Upon passage of this legislation on June 22, 2016, the Territorial Formula Financing amounts were re-determined, and consequently, an additional $67.0 million will be provided in 2016-17;
- Youth Allowance Recovery – A decrease in recovery of $28.4 million as a result of a decrease in the estimated value of personal income tax points that were transferred to Quebec; and
- Statutory Subsidies – An increase of $8.0 million is due to Newfoundland and Labrador's Term 29 payments under the Newfoundland Additional Financial Assistance Act, which recommenced in 2016-17.
Authorities for direct program expenses at the end of the third quarter of fiscal year 2016-17 are $601.2 million as compared to $613.0 million at the same period in 2015-16, representing a decrease of $11.8 million. This decrease is largely due to lower anticipated costs related to Domestic Coinage.
Authorities for the Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities as at December 31, 2016, are $22,901.0 million compared to $25,618.0 million at the same period in 2015-16. The decrease of $2,717.0 million is due to the following factors:
- Interest on Unmatured Debt – A decrease of $2,176.0 million due to a downward revision of interest rates by private sector economists for 2016-17, consistent with Budget 2016; and
- Other Interest Costs – A reduction of $541.0 million, mainly due to a decline in the average Government of Canada long-term bond rate used to calculate interest on the public sector pension obligations pertaining to service pre-April 1, 2000.
Non-budgetary authorities related to the value of loans disbursed to Crown corporations participating in the Crown Borrowing Framework are not reflected in the Estimates. The gross borrowing requirements for Crown corporations are driven by the need to match the term and structure of the borrowing requirements of corporations’ clients. These activities are influenced by current and expectations of future, economic conditions and can vary greatly over a short period of time. For example, if clients of the Crown corporation are seeking short-term, floating rate loans, the Crown corporation will seek to match that with short-term borrowings from the government. This will result in the loan being refinanced several times through the year, with higher gross borrowings associated with a smaller net borrowing amount. This can change very quickly should market conditions suggest interest rates are going to rise and their clients seek to lock in their borrowing costs through longer term borrowings. As such, there can be very large and significant variances both inter-year and intra-year. Given the risk of forecast inaccuracy and that the gross advances to Crown corporations are a non-budgetary item and do not impact on the net-debt of the government, the Department only reports on actual borrowings by the Crown corporations.
2.2 Expenditure Analysis
The following table provides a comparison of cumulative spending by vote for the current and previous fiscal year.
|Year to date expenditures (in millions)||2016-17||2015-16||$||%|
|Vote 1 - Program Expenditures||67.6||72.5||(4.9)||-6.8%|
|Major transfers to other levels of government||50,073.6||47,829.3||2,244.3||4.7%|
|Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities||16,048.5||17,655.5||(1,607.0)||-9.1%|
|Direct program expenses||130.1||203.5||(73.4)||-36.1%|
|Sub Total Statutory||66,252.2||65,688.3||563.9||0.9%|
|Total Budgetary expenditures||66,319.8||65,760.8||559.0||0.9%|
|Total year to date expenditures||106,022.2||108,832.2||(2,810.0)||-2.6%|
At the end of the third quarter of the 2016-17 fiscal year, total expenditures were $106,022.2 million compared to $108,832.2 million reported in the same period of 2015-16, representing a decrease of $2,810.0 million or 2.6%.
Voted budgetary expenditures
Total 2016-17 Vote 1 program expenditures at the end of the third quarter were $67.6 million compared to $72.5 million for the same period in fiscal year 2015-16, representing a decrease of $4.9 million or 6.8%. The decrease is mainly attributable to reduced government advertising expenditures.
Statutory budgetary expenditures
Total statutory expenditures at the end of the third quarter of 2016-17 are $66,252.2 million as compared to $65,688.3 million at the end of the third quarter of 2015-16 representing an increase of $563.9 million or 0.9%.
This increase is explained by $2,244.3 million more in major transfers to other levels of government offset by a decrease of $1,607.0 million in Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities (decrease of $1,191.7 million and decrease of $415.3 million, respectively) and a decrease of $73.4 million in direct program expenses.
Expenditures related to major transfers to other levels of government as at December 31, 2016 are $50,073.6 million compared to $47,829.3 million for the same period in 2015-16 representing an increase of $2,244.3 million. This increase is due to the net effect of the following factors:
- Canada Health Transfer – An increase of $1,532.5 million;
- Fiscal Equalization – An increase of $404.3 million;
- Canada Social Transfer – An increase of $291.6 million;
- Territorial Financing – A increase of $47.0 million;
- Youth Allowances Recovery – A decrease in recoveries of $4.9 million;
- Statutory Subsidies – An increase of $4.0 million; and
- Alternative Payments for Standing Programs – An increase in recoveries of $40.0 million.
Explanations for the increases in the items listed above are consistent with the explanations found under the statutory budgetary authorities in Section 2.1.
Direct Program Expenditures at the end of the third quarter of fiscal year 2016-17 are $130.1 million as compared to $203.5 million at the same period in 2015-16, representing a decrease of $73.4 million. This decrease is primarily due to the net effect of the following factors:
- Incentive for Provinces to Eliminate Taxes on Capital – A decrease of $52.1 million, to $0, since the last payments under this incentive were made in 2015-16 and no further payments after 2015-16 are anticipated;
- Losses on Foreign Exchange – A decrease of $40.5 million due to a timing difference in the reconciliation of the Other Government Business Account with the Receiver General ($26 million) and to a revaluation of the Exchange Fund Account ($15 million);
- Payment of Liabilities Previously Recorded as Revenue – An increase of $1.2 million; and
- Purchase of Domestic Coinage – An increase of $17.9 million is attributable to normal variations in the demand for coinage from businesses and consumers and in the timing of costs incurred for coinage procurement throughout the year.
Expenditures for the Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities as at December 31, 2016 are $16,048.5 million compared to $17,655.5 million at the same period in 2015-16 representing a decrease of $1,607.0 million. The decrease is due to the following factors:
- Interest on Unmatured Debt – A decrease of $1,191.7 million, largely reflecting lower effective average interest rate on Government of Canada bonds and treasury bills; and
- Interest on Other Liabilities – A decrease of $415.3 million, largely reflecting a decrease in the average Government of Canada long-term bond rate, which is used to calculate interest on public sector pension obligations pertaining to service pre-April 1, 2000.
Non-budgetary expenditures at the end of the third quarter of 2016-17 are $39,702.4 million compared to $43,071.4 million at the end of the same quarter in the prior year representing a decrease of $3,369.0 million. This decrease is due to the following factors:
- a decrease of $3,080.6 million related to the value of loans disbursed to Crown corporations participating in the Crown Borrowing Framework. Gross borrowings by Crown corporations are based on demand and the business requirements of the participating entities, and also depend on the terms of the Crown corporation borrowings. As such, amounts can vary significantly from year to year;
- a decrease of $160.8 million in payments under the Bretton Woods and Related Agreements Act – International Organizations;
- a decrease of $128.6 million in loans made to the International Monetary Fund under the New Arrangements to Borrow (NAB); and
- an increase of $1.0 million in Advances pursuant to section 13(1) of the Financial Consumer Agency of Canada Act.
Significant Changes on the Departmental budgetary expenditures by Standard Object table
Table 2, located at the end of this report, presents Budgetary Expenditures by Standard Object (SO). The main variance in expenditures between 2016-17 and 2015-16 by standard object are as follows:
- Public Debt Charges (SO 11) – A decrease of $1,607.0 million reflecting a lower average effective interest rate;
- Other Subsidies and Payments (SO 12) – The losses on foreign exchange are $38.6 million lower in 2016-17 when compared to 2015-16;
- Information (SO 03) – A decrease of $6.2 million mainly resulting from decreased advertising expenditures;
- Utilities, Materials and Supplies (SO 07) – An increase of $17.7 million in the purchase of domestic coinage; and
- Transfer Payments (SO 10) – A net increase of $2,193.2 million of which the majority is related to an increase in the statutory expenditures pursuant to major transfers to other levels of government.
The year over year variances are explained in detail in the preceding Section 2.2.
Expenditures in the third quarter of fiscal 2016-17 were $34,660.6 million compared with $34,561.3 million for the third quarter of 2015-16, representing an increase of $99.3 million or 0.3% in quarterly spending.
|Expenditures for the Third Quarter (in millions)||2016-17||2015-16||$||%|
|Vote 1 - Program Expenditures||20.7||23.5||(2.8)||-11.9%|
|Major transfers to other levels of government||16,532.9||15,854.1||678.8||4.3%|
|Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities||5,117.2||5,220.3||(103.1)||-2.0%|
|Direct program expenses||67.7||26.1||41.6||159.4%|
|Sub Total Statutory||21,717.8||21,100.5||617.3||2.9%|
|Total Budgetary expenditures||21,738.5||21,124.0||614.5||2.9%|
|Total expenditures for the third quarter||34,660.6||34,561.3||99.3||0.3%|
Variance explanations of the quarterly spending are in line with year to date variance explanations provided in Section 2.2.
3.0 Risks and Uncertainties
The Canadian economy continues to adjust to lower oil prices and a soft global economic backdrop. Non-oil related sectors of the economy have been broadly resilient and household consumption has held steady.
With respect to the fragile global economic situation, the Department will continue to monitor developments and risks in key regions and countries. The global economy is undergoing a fundamental structural shift. Populations in advanced economies are aging, thereby reducing workforce growth. Some emerging economies, notably China, are undergoing transitions away from investment- and trade-intensive industrialization toward more moderate consumption-based growth. At the same time, the decision of the United Kingdom (U.K.) to leave the European Union (EU) and growing numbers of anti-trade measures among major economies point to an increasing trend toward protectionism globally. Finally, the global economy continues to be affected by the 2008–2009 financial crisis and its aftermath—namely the build-up of debt in some countries and the need for financial system repair in others. These factors are being increasingly reflected in slower growth in global trade and investment, persistently low commodity prices and slower global growth.
The Department of Finance Canada’s Corporate Risk Profile provides a snapshot of the Department’s key corporate risks. It focuses the attention and action of senior management on measures to mitigate the adverse effects of global economic uncertainty and their impact on the Canadian economy. The Department monitors its corporate risks and associated risk responses to identify areas of opportunity and to reflect progress made in implementing measures to mitigate risks.
4. Significant changes in relation to operations, personnel and programs
During the quarter, Tim Sargent, Associate Deputy Minister and G7/20 Deputy, left the department on October 21, 2016. Rob Stewart was appointed to the role as of October 24, 2016. In addition, Chris Forbes was appointed Associate Deputy Minister as of November 14, 2016.
5. Approval by Senior Officials
Paul Rochon, Deputy Minister
Christopher Meyers, Chief Financial Officer
February 28, 2017
|Fiscal year 2016-2017||Fiscal year 2015-2016|
|Total available for use for the
March 31, 2017 *
|Used during the
December 31, 2016
|Year to date used at
|Total available for use for the
March 31, 2016 *
|Used during the
December 30, 2015
|Year to date used at
|Total voted authorities||101,190||20,743||67,646||107,705||23,517||72,486|
|Major transfers to other levels of government|
|Canada Health Transfer (Part V.1 - Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act)||36,067,673||9,016,919||27,050,755||34,026,107||8,505,241||25,518,295|
|Canada Social Transfer (Part V.1 - Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act)||13,347,956||3,336,989||10,010,967||12,959,181||3,239,795||9,719,386|
|Fiscal Equalization (Part I - Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act)||17,880,415||4,470,103||13,410,311||17,341,310||4,335,328||13,005,983|
|Territorial Financing (Part I.1 - Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangement Act)||3,602,980||721,411||2,881,569||3,561,034||726,451||2,834,583|
|Statutory Subsidies (Constitution Acts, 1867-1982, and Other Statutory Authorities)||42,363||1,238||22,419||34,378||1,237||18,419|
|Youth Allowances Recovery (Federal-Provincial Fiscal Revision Act, 1964)||(824,634)||-||(412,317)||(853,046)||-||(417,261)|
|Other major transfers|
|Addtional Fiscal Equalization Offset Payment to Nova Scotia (Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador Additional Fiscal Equalization Offset Payments Act)||33,255||-||-||36,779||-||-|
|Additional Fiscal Equalization to Nova Scotia (Part I - Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act)||16,026||-||-||79,348||-||-|
|Alternative Payments for Standing Programs (Part VI - Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act)||(3,752,650)||(1,013,741)||(2,890,066)||(3,872,657)||(954,002)||(2,850,075)|
|Total major transfers to other levels of government||66,413,384||16,532,919||50,073,638||63,312,434||15,854,050||47,829,330|
|Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities|
|Interest on Unmatured Debt and Other Public Debt Costs||15,812,000||3,390,737||10,757,996||17,988,000||3,351,060||11,949,705|
|Interest on Other Liabilities||7,089,000||1,726,420||5,290,541||7,630,000||1,869,279||5,705,844|
|Total Interest on Unmatured Debt and Interest on Other Liabilities||22,901,000||5,117,157||16,048,537||25,618,000||5,220,339||17,655,549|
|Direct program expenses|
|Purchase of Domestic Coinage||96,000||27,878||80,839||108,000||14,356||62,978|
|Contributions to Employee Benefit Plans||12,304||3,055||9,166||12,097||3,024||9,073|
|Minister of Finance - Salary and motor car allowance||83||21||56||82||15||56|
|Minister of State – Motor car allowance||-||-||-||2||-||1|
|Incentive for Provinces to Eliminate Taxes on Capital (Part IV - Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act)||-||-||-||-||24,100||52,100|
|Payments to International Development Association||441,620||-||-||441,610||-||-|
|Debt payments on behalf of poor countries to International Organizations pursuant to section 18(1) of the Economic Recovery Act||51,200||-||-||51,200||-||-|
|Losses on Foreign Exchange||-||35,943||36,761||-||(16,061)||77,235|
|Payment of Liabilities Previously Recorded as Revenue||-||767||3,163||-||671||1,941|
|Total direct program expenses||601,207||67,664||129,985||612,991||26,105||203,384|
|Total statutory authorities||89,915,591||21,717,740||66,252,160||89,543,425||21,100,494||65,688,263|
|Total budgetary authorities||90,016,781||21,738,483||66,319,806||89,651,130||21,124,011||65,760,749|
|Advances to Crown corporations (Gross)||-||12,919,124||39,693,408||-||13,348,832||42,774,027|
|Advances pursuant to section 13(1) of the Financial Consumer Agency of Canada Act (Gross)||-||3,000||9,000||-||3,000||8,000|
|Payments under Bretton Woods and Related Agreements Act - International Organizations (Gross)||-||-||-||-||67,173||160,761|
|Payments to the International Monetary Fund New Arrangements to Borrow||-||-||-||-||18,247||128,631|
|Total non-budgetary authorities||-||12,922,124||39,702,408||-||13,437,252||43,071,419|
|* Includes only Authorities available for use and granted by Parliament at quarter-end|
|Fiscal year 2016-2017||Fiscal year 2015-2016|
|Planned expenditures for the year
March 31, 2017
|Expended during the
December 31, 2016
|Year to date
|Planned expenditures for the year
March 31, 2016
|Expended during the
December 31, 2015
|Year to date
|Transportation and communications||3,317||746||1,926||2,309||582||1,619|
|Professional and special services||15,063||1,817||7,415||13,159||2,417||6,450|
|Repair and maintenance||200||46||89||79||29||77|
|Utilities, materials and supplies||96,487||27,940||80,992||108,363||14,530||63,266|
|Acquisition of land, buildings and works||-||-||-||115||114||114|
|Acquisition of machinery and equipment||912||25||145||2,217||137||228|
|Public debt charges||22,901,000||5,117,157||16,048,537||25,618,000||5,220,339||17,655,549|
|Other subsidies and payments||64||37,273||40,829||49||(15,291)||79,408|
|Total gross budgetary expenditures||90,016,931||21,738,538||66,319,888||89,651,280||21,124,037||65,760,800|
|Less Revenues netted against expenditures||150||55||82||150||26||51|
|Total net budgetary expenditures||90,016,781||21,738,483||66,319,806||89,651,130||21,124,011||65,760,749|