Archived - Harper Government Providing Unprecedented Support to Provinces and Territories for Health Care, Education Canadians Rely On

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Total federal transfers at record high and will keep growing at a sustainable and affordable rate

December 15, 2014 – Ottawa, Ontario – Department of Finance

Finance Minister Joe Oliver has presented his provincial and territorial counterparts with details on 2015–16 transfer amounts. Every province and territory will benefit from higher transfers next year. Major federal transfers to provinces and territories will total $67.9 billion in 2015–16, an increase of more than $3 billion from the current year, and almost 63% since 2005–06.

Quick Facts

  • There are four main annual federal transfer programs: the Canada Health Transfer (CHT), the Canada Social Transfer (CST), Equalization and Territorial Formula Financing (TFF).
    • The CHT is the largest major annual transfer to provinces and territories. It provides long-term, predictable funding for health care.
    • The CST is an annual federal transfer to the provinces and territories in support of post-secondary education, social assistance and social services, and early childhood development, early learning and child care.
    • Equalization is the Government of Canada’s transfer program for addressing fiscal disparities among provinces. Equalization payments are provided on an unconditional basis to enable less prosperous provincial governments to provide their residents with public services that are reasonably comparable to those in other provinces, at reasonably comparable levels of taxation.
    • TFF is an annual unconditional transfer from the Government of Canada to the three territorial governments to enable them to provide their residents with a range of public services comparable to those offered by provincial governments, at comparable levels of taxation.


“Through these transfers, our federal government is empowering the provinces and territories to provide the high-quality public services Canadians rely on, including health care, education and social assistance. I know how important these services are and I am proud that our government has raised transfers to historic heights—even as we balance the budget and lower taxes for hard-working Canadian families.”

- Joe Oliver, Minister of Finance

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Media Contacts

Nicholas Bergamini
Press Secretary
Office of the Minister of Finance

Stéphanie Rubec
Media Relations
Department of Finance

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Major transfer support to provinces and territories has increased from $25.348 billion in 1990-91 to $67.888 billion in 2015-16.

Transfer Payments to Provinces and Territories for 2015–16
($ millions)
  2014–152 2015–16
Newfoundland and Labrador 676 692
Prince Edward Island 544 554
Nova Scotia 2,806 2,928
New Brunswick 2,615 2,660
Quebec 19,614 20,363
Ontario 19,187 20,440
Manitoba 3,361 3,436
Saskatchewan 1,414 1,493
Alberta 5,176 5,477
British Columbia 5,824 6,129
Nunavut 1,456 1,503
Northwest Territories 1,264 1,290
Yukon 897 923
Total1 64,834 67,888
1 Totals may not add due to rounding.
2 Figures for 2014–15 include CHT protection payments to Newfoundland and Labrador and Nunavut.