The Bank’s financial activities are divided into ordinary and special operations, depending on the source of funds. Ordinary operations are financed from the ordinary capital resources of the Bank, which comprise subscribed capital, market borrowings, and income from loans and investments. Special operations are those financed by "special funds" for specially designated purposes that are typically outside the Bank’s regular activities, and are financed by donors. Unlike other regional development banks, the EBRD does not operate a concessional or "soft" loan window.
At the end of 2005, the total authorized capital of the Bank was €20 billion. Canada has subscribed to 3.4 per cent—or €680 million (C$956 million)—of the Bank’s authorized capital. Canadian contributions to the Bank’s capital are made in US dollars (at a pre-determined euro/US$ exchange rate).
In 2005, Canada made its eighth purchase of shares under the first capital increase (which came into effect on April 3, 1997, and doubled the initial €10-billion capital base). Under the first capital increase, 77.5 per cent of Canada’s share is "callable," meaning that the Bank can request these resources in the unlikely event that it requires them to meet its financial obligations to bondholders; the balance, or 22.5 per cent, is "paid-in." Payments are being made in eight equal annual installments (40 per cent in cash and 60 per cent in non-interest-bearing demand notes encashed over five years). The following table details Canadian payments to the Bank in US dollars.
Canada’s contributions to the Bank’s capital are non-budgetary expenditures because our shares in the Bank represent an asset. Nonetheless, Canada’s paid-in contributions to the Bank do increase the Government’s financing requirements.
Canadian Payments to the EBRD
|Year||Notes||Cash||Encashment of notes||Total cash outlay|
|(in US dollars)|
At the end of 2005, total EBRD borrowings stood at €12.5 billion with an average remaining life of 7.8 years at an average cost of funds of LIBOR (London Inter-Bank Offered Rate) minus 34 basis points. Funds have been swapped into floating-rate instruments, primarily in US dollars and euros.
Standard & Poor’s has assigned the Bank an AAA long-term and A1+ short-term credit rating. Moody’s Investors Service has similarly rated the EBRD long-term bonds AAA.
The EBRD administers a number of bilateral and multilateral technical assistance funds. Canada has contributed to the following special funds:
Canadian Technical Cooperation Fund
—The main purpose of this fund is to provide financing to hire Canadian consultants for EBRD projects across a wide range of sectors and EBRD countries of operations. Canada has contributed $12.65 million since the fund was established in 1992 and is currently completing Canada Phase V.
Chernobyl Shelter Fund
—The main purpose of this fund is to secure the sarcophagus around the destroyed Unit IV nuclear reactor in Ukraine. The total estimated cost of this 10-year project is roughly US$1.1 billion, of which US$716 million has been pledged so far. Canada has pledged US$33 million, including US$0.8 million of bilateral assistance for ventilation stack repair.
Nuclear Safety Account (NSA)
—This facility was established in 1993 to help finance the closure of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and to improve safety conditions at nuclear power plants in countries of operations until the plants can be closed. The NSA complements other bilateral and multilateral nuclear safety technical assistance and functions in parallel with multilateral efforts to achieve broader energy sector reform in the region. Canada has contributed $19.5 million to the total fund of €280 million. Canada’s contribution has been completely disbursed.
CIDA-EBRD Cooperation Fund for Southeastern Europe (CFSEE)
—By 2002, Canada had contributed $10 million in support of the EBRD’s South Eastern Europe Action Plan, to be used for technical cooperation and co-financing activities. These funds, tied to Canadian consultants, were used in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, FYR Macedonia, Romania, and Serbia and Montenegro. In 2003, an additional $6 million was added to the CFSEE, which focuses on CIDA priority sectors and countries of focus.
CIDA-EBRD Balkan Region Special Fund
—In addition to the CFSEE, Canada has contributed $2 million to the Balkan Region Special Fund to support post-conflict reconstruction efforts in the Balkan region.
TurnAround Management (TAM) Programme
—The TAM Programme was established in 1993 to match senior industrial advisors from market-driven economies with chief executives of selected firms in the region. The objective is to provide industrial management know-how and develop business skills so that these companies can become competitive and profitable. In 2003, Canada signed a new agreement with the TAM Programme to provide $2.5 million over five years to be used to hire Canadians to work as advisors. This brought Canada’s total contribution to the Programme to $3.05 million.
Technical Assistance in Support of the Ukraine Micro, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Line of Credit II
—Between 1999 and 2004, Canada provided $3 million for technical assistance services by qualified Canadian organizations to Ukrainian commercial banks receiving loans under the EBRD’s Ukraine Micro, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Line of Credit II for on-lending to micro, small and medium-sized enterprises. The technical assistance has included risk- and loan-evaluation training.
Northern Dimension Environmental Partnership (NDEP)
—The NDEP provides donor funding to address severe environmental problems in northwest Russia, particularly in the areas of nuclear waste, water and wastewater treatment, and energy efficiency. Within the framework of its mandate, the EBRD supports relevant multilateral and regional agreements on the environment and sustainable development, including the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the measures agreed to in the Kyoto Protocol. Canada became an official contributor to the NDEP Support Fund at the end of 2003 and has contributed €20 million. This made Canada the NDEP’s sole non-European contributor. Canada earmarked its contribution for the facility’s "nuclear window," which counts towards Canada’s commitment to the G8 Global Partnership Program. To deal with nuclear waste, the NDEP provides full funding within an international cooperation framework designed to address the complex challenges of cleaning up the legacy of the former Soviet navy’s Northern Fleet. In this regard, the NDEP Assembly completed a prioritization plan in 2004 that has been adopted by all contributors as the basis for projects in the nuclear window.
CIDA-EBRD Cooperation Fund for Central Asia and the South Caucasus
—This $2-million fund was created in 2004 for work on project preparation and implementation activities in Central Asia and the South Caucasus. The fund targets agribusiness, natural resources and infrastructure financing (e.g. transport, telecommunications, municipal finance), and aims to strengthen institutional capacity development of local institutions working in private sector development and micro-lending institutions. Given CIDA’s program focus, priority will be given to projects in Georgia and Tajikistan. This is the first Canadian bilateral fund at the EBRD that is untied (i.e. procurements are not limited to Canadians).
Early Transition Countries Multi-Donor Fund
—This fund was launched in 2004. CIDA is one of 11 donors to the fund, which targets Bank programming to the seven poorest countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States region (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan). This fund is the first EBRD funding mechanism to be classified as Official Development Assistance by the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Canada has contributed €500,000 to this untied fund.
For general information, please refer to www.infoexport.gc.ca/ifinet or contact the Bank’s Communications Department in London (tel: +44 20 7338 6096; fax: +44 20 7448 6690).
Further inquiries should be directed to the Office of the Director for Canada, Advisor for Business Development and Investor Relations, Ms. Sandy Ferguson (tel: +44 20 7338 6509; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Canadian Project Sponsors:
Canadian companies interested in potentially sponsoring a project with the EBRD are requested to direct initial inquiries either to the Office of the Director for Canada, to the Project Inquiries in London (tel: +44 20 7338 6282 or +44 20 7338 6252; fax: +44 20 7338 6102) or to the Bank’s Resident Office in the country of operations. Summaries of EBRD private sector operations can be obtained on the Bank’s website at www.ebrd.com.
Canadian Suppliers of Goods and Works:
The EBRD makes available information on all stages of public sector project development, from the point a project has been identified by the Bank through to its approval. Procurement opportunities and co-financing notices, as well as contract awards information, can be accessed on the Bank’s website free of charge (see address above).
The EBRD’s website contains technical cooperation notifications and invitations for expressions of interest for consultancy services pertaining to both public and private sector projects. In 2005, the EBRD launched a web-based system in order to make the consultant selection process simpler and more efficient. Known as eSelection, the system enables subscribing consultants to be notified of consulting opportunities, express interest online, submit technical and financial proposals and monitor the selection process. eSelection is designed to be user-friendly while ensuring full compliance with Bank policies and procedures.
Consultants and suppliers can sign up for electronic notification of all EBRD procurement opportunities through EBRD Procurement Alert. Current procurement information can be found at www.ebrd.com/oppor/procure/index.htm.
The EBRD maintains a recruitment section on its website, which provides information on specific employment competitions at the Bank as they become available. In general, applications for employment for permanent positions and summer jobs should be sent to:
Paolo Gallo, Director for Human Resources
Human Resources Management Department
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
One Exchange Square
London, EC2A 2JN
|Share of the Bank’s capital||Share of the Bank’s capital|
|European Investment Bank||3.00|
|Korea, Republic of||1.00|
|Countries of Operations|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||0.17|
|Serbia and Montenegro||0.47|
 In 2004, Governors voted to make Mongolia a country of operations, recognizing its close linkage with the former Soviet economy and its long history with a centrally planned economy. This process will be complete once all members formally accept Mongolia as a country of operations; this is expected to occur in 2006. [Return]
 On December 31, 2005, one euro purchased 1.3803 Canadian dollars.[Return]
 The CIS includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.[Return]
 Southeastern Europe includes Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYR Macedonia), Romania, and Serbia and Montenegro.[Return]
 Includes the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia and the three Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania).[Return]
 The 2004 financial results have been restated in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards requirements, reflecting accounting changes made by the Bank in 2005.[Return]
 The advanced transition countries include Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia. The early transition countries are the Bank’s seven poorest countries of operations: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. The intermediate transition countries include the balance of the EBRD’s countries of operations, excluding Russia. The EBRD considers Russia to be in a category of its own.[Return]
 Reserves are Bank capital set aside to cover unexpected losses.[Return]
 NDEP members include Russia, the EBRD, the EU, the Nordic Investment Bank, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom.[Return]
 The EITI is a voluntary initiative that supports improved governance in resource-rich countries through the full publication and verification of company payments and government revenues from oil, gas and mining.[Return]